Singh, A.E., Romanowski, B., Wong, T. et Al. (2005). Herpes Simplex Virus Seroprevalence and Risk Factors in 2 Canadian Sexually Transmitted Disease Clinics
McKay, Alexander, The Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality
Singh, A.E., Romanowski, B., Wong, T. et al. (2005). Herpes simplex virus seroprevalence and risk factors in 2 Canadian sexually transmitted disease clinics. Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 32, 95-100.
Herpes infection can be caused by either herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV- 1) or herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2). Although both viruses can cause either genital or oropharyngeal (oral) infection, most HSV-2 infections affect the genitals and most HSV1 infections affect the oropharyngeal area. At present, it is estimated that about 1 in 5 residents of the United States over the age of 12 is infected with HSV-2. Herpes simplex virus is not a reportable STI in Canada and few HSV seroprevalence studies have been conducted in Canada. The purpose of the Singh et al. study was to determine the seroprevalence of and associated risk factors for HSV 1 and 2 among patients attending two Canadian STI clinics located in Calgary and Edmonton.
The data were derived from 6555 serologic samples collected at the clinics in 1994/1995. Participants attending the clinics who provided samples also filled out STI risk behaviour questionnaires. The average age of participants was 27.6 years, 84% were heterosexual, 82% were white, and 6% were Aboriginal. The average age at first intercourse was 16.4 years and the average number of sexual partners in the preceding 2 months was 1.7. Only 16% of the study participants reported that they always used condoms.
Among the total sample, 56% were seropositive for HSV- 1, 19% were seropositive for HSV-2, and 11% were seropositive for both. Multivariate analysis indicated that Aboriginal ethnicity, sexual debut before age 14, and a greater number of sexual partners in the preceding two months were associated with HSV- 1 seropositivity. …