Un Special Representative Declares Angolan Elections 'Generally Free and Fair.' (United Nations Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Angola Margaret J. Anstee)(includes Related Information on the UN Angola Verification Mission)

UN Chronicle, December 1992 | Go to article overview

Un Special Representative Declares Angolan Elections 'Generally Free and Fair.' (United Nations Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Angola Margaret J. Anstee)(includes Related Information on the UN Angola Verification Mission)


The first-ever multi-party presidential and parliamentary elections held in Angola were certified - "with all deficiencies taken into account" - on 17 October as "generally free and fair" by Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Angola Margaret J. Anstee.

The electoral process, organized and directed by the National Electoral Council, was observed by the United Nations Angola Verification Mission (UNAVEM II) and supported by technical assistance from the UN Development Programme.

Results of the elections - held on 29 and 30 September - gave 49.57 per cent of the vote to Angolan President Jose Eduardo dos Santos who heads the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA) and 40.07 per cent to Jonas Savimbi, President of the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA). The remainder were divided among nine other candidates.

Under Angola electoral rules, if a candidate received more than 50 per cent of the vote, he would be declared the winner. But if no candidate obtained a majority, the two top contenders would compete in a run-off.

In the parliamentary elections, the governing MPLA party received 53.74 per cent, with UNITA getting 34.10 per cent.

In her 17 October statement following the official announcement of the election results by the National Electoral Council, Ms. Anstee noted that the electoral campaign had been conducted without major violent incidents.

As a result of complaints by the Angolan parties that there had been widespread, massive and systematic irregularities and fraud during the entire electoral process, four commissions, established by the Electoral Council, investigated the allegations and such matters as the consistency of polling records, the security of ballot boxes, the control of surplus electoral kits and supplementary polling stations, she said.

Following the investigations, Ms. Anstee said the UN considered that, "while there were certainly some irregularities in the electoral process, these appear to have been mainly due to human error and inexperience".

There was no conclusive evidence "that the irregularities were of a magnitude to have a significant effect on the results", she added. "Nor, in view of their random nature, could it be determined that such irregularities had penalized or beneffited only one party or set of parties".

The UN urged all Angolans, including all political leaders, to respect and support the results of this stage of the electoral process, Ms. Anstee stated. A further certification would be made after a second round of presidential elections, she said.

Results contested

The voting process comprised four phases: registration, from 20 May to 10 August; electoral campaign, from 29 August 28 September; actual voting, on 29 and 30 September; and ballot counting, complaint investigation, and announcement of results, on 17 October.

An ad hoc commission of the Security Council was sent to Angola from 11 to 14 October to support implementation of the Peace Accords, after reports reached the Council that one of the parties to the Accords was contesting the validity of the elections. The Council decided on 6 October to send the commission.

Welcoming the commission's contribution to reducing tension in Angola and "to finding a solution to the difficulties that arose after the elections", the Council on 19 October called upon the parties to abide scrupulously by all the commitments entered into within the framework of the Accords, in particular with regard to the demobilization of their troops and the formation of the Unified Armed Forces, and to refrain from any action that could increase the tension.

Council members said they looked forward to Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali's recommendations on the contribution of the United Nations to ensuring the completion of the presidential elections.

In September, prior to the elections, recognizing that Angolans had reached a crucial and very delicate stage in their peace process, the Secretary-General sent messages to the Angolan President and UNITA, emphasizing the "critical need for determined and unequivocal leadership" in order to stem the recent spate of violent incidents and to instil confidence in the populace that the results of the elections would be respected. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited article

Un Special Representative Declares Angolan Elections 'Generally Free and Fair.' (United Nations Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Angola Margaret J. Anstee)(includes Related Information on the UN Angola Verification Mission)
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this article
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.