Who's Who in Standardized Testing's Big Three: Getting to Know the Minority Contributors at College Testing Organizations
Hawkins, B. Denise, Black Issues in Higher Education
Annually, millions of students, their parents, teachers and counselors turn to the nation's leading testing organizations in their quest for academic assessment products and services. The College Board, the Educational Testing Service and the ACT have traditionally prepared, developed and administered a bevy of standardized tests. The right scores on these tests can get you into the school of your choice, be it undergraduate, graduate, medical school or law school.
The College Board, a New York-based, membership association founded in 1900, is comprised of more than 4,700 schools, colleges, universities and educational organizations. Its best-known programs are the SAT, PSAT and the Advanced Placement or AP exam.
Founded in 1947, the Educational Testing Service is responsible for more than 24 million tests annually at more than 9,000 locations in more than 180 countries worldwide. The ACT, formerly known as the American College Testing program, was founded in 1959. Today, ACT provides more than 100 assessment, research, information and program management services in the areas of education and workforce development. It is well known for its ACT Assessment, the most widely accepted college admissions exam in the country.
But the numbers and the history only tell a piece of the story. Who are the people behind these large nonprofit corporations that have become so integral to the U.S. education landscape? The staffs at these testing superpowers number in the thousands and consist of everyone from psychologists and sociologists to educators, computer scientists and lawyers. These professionals are responsible for developing, evaluating and analyzing the tests and assessment products that can shape the futures of students and workers. Black Issues wanted to identify and share with readers those African-American and Hispanic senior managers at the College Board, ETS and at ACT. As it turns out, ACT does not have any African-American or Hispanic senior-level managers. The company's only African-American vice president recently left the company for a position elsewhere. Instead, they provided the names of ACT's three African-American board members, including Dr. Belle Wheelan, secretary of education for the Commonwealth of Virginia and former president of Northern Virginia Community College; and former U.S. Health and Human Services Secretary Dr. Louis W. Sullivan.
Vice President, College and University Enrollment Solutions
The College Board
Andre Bell joined the College Board in 2003 as vice president for College and University Enrollment Solutions. His position builds on a distinguished career in admissions and financial aid and a long association with the College Board. In his post, Bell oversees the management of all College Board financial aid, admissions and enrollment services including Student Search Service[R], the College Board Loan Program, the National Recognition and Scholarship Programs, the Enrollment Planning Service and the Admitted Student Questionnaire[R].
Bell also has overall responsibility for the policies, content, redevelopment and implementation of all College and University Enrollment Services. His career in higher education spans more than 30 years and includes positions in college admissions and financial aid, marketing and enrollment management. He comes to the College Board from Bentley College in Waltham, Mass., where he served from 1993 to 2003 as dean of enrollment and later as vice provost.
Vice President and Associate General Counsel
The College Board
Georgina Crawley joined the College Board in March 2004 as vice president and associate general counsel. In her counsel position, Crawley negotiates vendor, sales, services and government and municipal contracts. She oversees independent contractor agreements and technology and intellectual property licenses and works closely with College Board staff to resolve customer and vendor matters. …