Brave New Biology: Granny Gives Birth
Fackelmann, Kathy A., Science News
At a time when many of their peers are doting on grandchildren, some women in their 50s dream of delivering an infant of their own. A controversial new study now suggests that for some of these women, that dream can come true.
In a journal article that has stirred a wide range of emotions, a team of scientists led by Mark V. Sauer at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles reports helping fiftysomething women deliver healthy babies. "Women in their 50s are clearly not the same as 35-year-olds. They conjure up images of grandmothers in rocking chairs;" Sauer says, adding that this stereotype can be misleading. "The reality is that most women that I see in their 50s are very successful, perhaps at the height of their careers."
Until recently, many older women had given up any hope of becoming pregnant. That barrier began to crumble with Sauer's earlier report that women in their 40s could get pregnant by turning to eggs donated by younger women and a procedure known as IVF, or in vitro fertilization (SN: 9/12/92, p. 165).
Now, Sauer and his colleagues have pushed beyond the fortysomething limit. In the first study to focus on women in their 50s, Sauer's team has shown that such women can become pregnant at rates that resemble those seen in a much younger age group. "They did remarkably well;" Sauer says. "Implantation and pregnancy rates are as good as the 30-year-old groups that we've done for years."
The team began by recruiting 14 healthy women in their 50s who wanted to have a baby but who had already passed through menopause. The researchers treated the women with sex hormones that prepare the uterus for pregnancy Next, they collected eggs from younger women. Using standard in vitro techniques, the scientists mixed donor eggs with sperm obtained from each recruit's husband. The team then transferred the embryos from the petri dish to the womb.
Eight of the 14 women became pregnant, the team reports in the Feb. 6 LANCET. One woman suffered a miscarriage in the seventh week of pregnancy, four women have given birth to healthy babies, and the three women still pregnant continue to progress normally
This reproductive accomplishment is not without critics. …