Human Rights Violations in Pakistan - 1992
The USA State Department's 1992 Human Rights Report on Pakistan says "there was little change in the human rights situation in 1992, and serious problems remained in several areas. The press and political organizations continued to exercise considerable, but no unfettered, freedom of expression. The overt repression of political opponents, a particular problem in Sindh, lessened but nonetheless remained an issue of concern. Selective prosecution of opposition political leaders continued to be a serious problem. There were no significant efforts to reform either the political or judicial systems, and responsible authorities did little to prosecute and punish those responsible for abuses".
Commenting on the human rights violations in Pakistan, the report said that "responsibility for internal security rests primarily with the police, although paramilitary forces, such as the Rangers and Frontier Constabulary, are charged with maintaining law and order in frontier areas. Police forces are under provincial control, as are paramilitary forces when assisting in law and order operations. Both forces were responsible for human rights abuses in 1992. The army and paramilitary forces, under the nominal control of the Sindh provincial government (but under the effective control of the army and Central government), were called upon in May to help restore law and order in Sindh province. This law and order operation also sparked charges of human rights violations by the Army units involved and of selective targeting of certain political elements in Sindh. According to the USA Arm Control and Disarmament Agency, total military expenditure for 1989 were $2,488 million. While the Government recognizes but too much of its gross national products is devoted to military spending, there is no indication that efforts will be made to reduce these expenditures in the near future".
The report alleged that heightened sectarian clashes between the Sunni and Shi'a communities resulted in numerous murders. Non-Muslim minorities continued to be the subject of unofficial persecution by religious zealots, it added.
It further said that the government did little, despite complaints, to curb these activities and continued its support for religious legislation designed to Islamise Pakistan.
According to the report, social and legal constraints kept women in a subordinate position in society and significant restraints remained on worker's rights. …