National Week of the Gifted and Talented
THE first report on giftedness and talent among children was forwarded by then US Commissioner of Education Sidney P. Marland Jr. to the United States Congress in August, 1971. In that report, gifted and talented children are those identified by professionally qualified persons as those who, by virtue of outstanding abilities, are capable of high performance. These are children who require differentiated educational programs and/or services beyond those normally provided by the regular school program. The Marland report said children capable of high performance include those with demonstrated achievement and/or potential ability in any of the following areas, singly or in combination: General intellectual ability, specific academic aptitude, creative or productive thinking, leadership ability, visual or performing arts, and psychomotor ability.
Since this groundbreaking report many other studies and research on giftedness and talented people have been undertaken. From the work of psychologists like Howard Gardner and specific research on giftedness, it is now known that in the early years, as many as 10 to 20 percent of the young student population will exhibit giftedness and talent that must be recognized, supported, and enhanced.
The general characteristics of giftedness and talent include the exhibition of superior reasoning powers and marked ability to handle ideas, generalizing readily from specific facts, and the ability to see subtle relationships. …