Seventy Years of the Armed Forces of the Philippines
THE Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) traces its origin to the Tejeros Convention in 1897 where the revolutionary government of General Emilio Aguinaldo created the Philippine Army under Captain General Artemio Ricarte. This Army was the off-shoot of the Revolutionary Forces, which took arms against the colonial government from August 30, 1896 up to December 10, 1898, when the Treaty of Paris was entered into by the United States of America and Spain. The same Army engaged the Americans during the hostilities between the Philippines and the United States which began on the night of February 4, 1899, and lasted up to September 25, 1903 a" when the last of the Filipino Generals, General Simeon Ola, surrendered to the Americans.
After the Filipino-American War, the countryas armed forces were organized through the promulgation of the National Defense Act in 1935. The Act created the Philippine Army, with an Off-shore Patrol and an Army Air Corps as its major components. The Philippine Constabulary was then existing under the Department of Interior.
The Philippine Army became the Armed Forces of the Philippines on December 23, 1950, with four major services, namely, the Philippine Army, the Philippine Air Force, the Philippine Navy and the Philippine Constabulary. The country was divided into four military areas. This setup remained until the early 80s when a major restructuring of the AFP was made as result of the alarming upsurge of dissident activities in the country. …