The Great American "Sleep Debt." (Insomnia)

USA TODAY, October 1993 | Go to article overview

The Great American "Sleep Debt." (Insomnia)


Forty million Americans suffer chronic sleep disorders, and an additional 20-30,000,000 experience intermittent problems due to lifestyle factors. According to the National Commission on Sleep Disorders Research, total average nightly sleep lime has declined 20% in this century because of Americans' 24-hour society, the globalization of the economy, and factors such as the stress of recession and unemployment, longer work hours, and the aging of the population. Consequences of this "sleep debt" include reduced productivity and quality of life and greater likelihood of accidents. The nation pays a direct toll of $16,000,000,000 a year, not including the cost of catastrophic disasters in which sleep deprivation played a role, such as the Exxon Valdez oil spill.

Results of two recent Gallup surveys reveal that 95% of insomnia sufferers go undiagnosed. Confusion about available treatments is widespread. Many forgo any medical attention, while 40% self-medicate, without benefit of physician advice, by using over-the-counter remedies, alcohol, or both. Alcohol may help people feel relaxed enough to fall asleep, but disrupts and fragments sleep after it is metabolized, Over-the-counter cold and pain remedies contain antihistamines that cause drowsiness. While they may induce sleep, they often leave the individual feeling groggy the next morning. These strategies, in essence, defeat the purpose in adopting them--i.e., getting to sleep in order to wake up alert and refreshed the next day.

Due to myths and misinformation, many people assume insomnia means chronic sleep problems. In fact, it refers to trouble sleeping, regardless of frequency. An occasional sleepless night is insomnia; so is sleep loss for a short period of time, due to the stress of temporary changes in situation such as a new job or family illness. People whose difficulties occur only occasionally tend to believe the situation doesn't warrant seeking advice from a physician. Individuals who experience occasional insomnia report a laundry list of daytime functioning problems compared to normal sleepers. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

The Great American "Sleep Debt." (Insomnia)
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.