The Official Celebration of Her Majesty, Queen Beatrix's Birthday
THE people of The Netherlands commemorate today the Queen's birthday or Koninginnedag, a national holiday that is celebrated with street parties and other events. Koninginnedag had been observed during the reigns of Queen Wilhelmina and Queen Juliana on August 31 and April 30, respectively. On the day of her investiture on April 30, 1980, Her Majesty Queen Beatrix stated that she wished to continue celebrating it on April 30, as a mark of respect for her mother, Queen Juliana.
Queen Beatrix Wilhelmina Armgard, Princess of The Netherlands, Princess of OrangeNassau, and Princess of Lippe-Biesterfeld, was born on January 31, 1938, at Soestdijk Palace in Baarn. She was the first child of Princess Juliana and Prince Bernhard. Her younger sister, Princess Irene, was born on August 5, 1939. When war broke out in May, 1940, the family left for the United Kingdom. A month later, then Princess Beatrix and her younger sister fled with their mother to Ottawa in Canada, where Princess Margriet was born on January 19, 1943. Prince Bernhard remained in London with Queen Wilhelmina during the war. The family returned to The Netherlands on August 2, 1945. Princess Christina was born at Soestdijk Palace on February 18, 1947.
In Canada, Princess Beatrix attended nursery and primary school. On her return to The Netherlands, she continued her primary education at The Workshop (De Werkplaats), Kees Boeke's progressive school in Bilthoven. …