El Salvador: More Aid Needed to Consolidate Democracy
Since reconstruction, sustained economic recovery and peace are interdependent - forming a "central axis for the consolidation of the democratic peace process" - El Salvador needs more international assistance to "consolidate and conclude this extraordinary experiment and this example of peace, reconciliation, reconstruction and development", Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali indicated on 3 September.
The Government of El Salvador in turn had to accelerate the land transfer programme and ensure the "free and massive participation of the people in the voting" scheduled for March 1994, the Secretary-General stated (A/481310).
After the inauguration of the new Government, he said, the Salvadorians were to build a "firm and lasting peace" within a "democratic, pluralistic and truly participatory" regime, a reactivated and transformed economy", and a "modern and independent State under the rule of law".
El Salvador was embarking on its reconstruction process with an economic base equivalent to that of a quarter century ago", with two thirds of its population living in poverty, "of whom one third in extreme poverty", the Secretary-General stated. The damage caused to "physical, productive and social infrastructure" during the 1980-1990 period was valued at over $1.5 billion.
Compounding those economic, political and institutional obstacles were "serious population and environmental problems", he reported. El Salvador was the "most densely populated country of the America" and had the highest degree of soil erosion, the most polluted water system and the highest rate of deforestation in Latin America. …