Alcohol Intervention Helps Hepatitis C Patients
MacNeil, Jane Salodof, Clinical Psychiatry News
SANTA ANA PUEBLO, N.M. -- A hepatitis C virus clinic in Minnesota helped alcoholic patients become eligible for antiviral therapy by integrating alcohol screening and a behavioral intervention into medical care.
Nearly half (47%) of 47 new patients flagged for "severe alcohol use" reduced their drinking after physicians warned that it could make them ineligible for antiviral treatment, according to a poster presented by Dr. Eric W. Dieperink at the annual meeting of the Academy of Psychosomatic Medicine.
Some relapsed after this initial brief intervention, but nearly two-thirds (62%) subsequently reduced their alcohol use by participating in an on-site program with a psychiatric clinical nurse-specialist. And 17 patients (36%) achieved long-term abstinence and were offered antiviral therapy.
"There was a big effect of just having the [clinic staff] address alcohol use at the initial visit," Dr. Dieperink, a psychiatrist at the University of Minnesota, said in an interview at the meeting. "It's a cost-effective way to help people start treatment."
Standard practice is to refer patients to a substance abuse program and tell them to "come back in 6 months when you are sober," Dr. Dieperink said. He and his colleagues reasoned that people facing medical consequences would be more likely to respond to an alcohol intervention than would a general population. They decided, therefore, to engage patients medically and psychiatrically at the clinic.
Gastroenterologists at the Veterans Affairs Medical Center in Minneapolis invited psychiatrists into the clinic about 6 years ago, Dr. Dieperink said, citing concerns about depression as a side effect of interferon treatment. Over time, the collaboration took on other psychiatric disorders in an ongoing attempt to address barriers to treatment.
"Alcohol is considered a barrier to treatment for hepatitis C and also hastens the fibrosis related to liver disease. So there were two reasons to address it," Dr. Dieperink said.
The intervention began with all patients being screened for psychiatric problems at their initial clinic visit. Instruments included the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test-C (AUDIT-C), which the psychiatric clinical nurse-specialist reviewed. …