Meet the Monster: Turkish Fascism
Byline: THE WASHINGTON TIMES
Hrant Dink, a beacon of conscience and liberty, was shot dead on Jan. 19. Since that black Friday, many Turks have shown the virtue to condemn this heinous murder and cry out for the memory of this noble man. Yet some of our "opinion leaders" have also invented concealed plots against "the Turkish nation" behind this public killing. This is, they rushed to conclude, a maneuver by "foreign powers" and their intelligence services directed at putting Turkey in a difficult situation in the international scene.
But lo and behold. The Turkish police caught the killer and he turned out to be no agent of the CIA. Nor of Mossad, MI6, Mukhabarat, or some People's Army for the Liberation of the Turkish-Occupied Wherever. He is neither Armenian nor Kurdish. He is, as his family proudly noted, "of pure Turkish stock." Moreover, as he himself proudly noted, he is a die-hard Turkish nationalist who killed Mr. Dink out of his zeal for the "Turkish blood." It also turned out the 17-year-old apparatchik was directed by his elder "brothers" in Trabzon who have an ugly history of nationalist violence.
The city is the citadel of ultranationalism: The Rev. Andrea Santoro, a Catholic priest, was also shot there a year ago by a 16-year-old militant, who had a profile very similar to his comrade who killed Mr. Dink.
In the face of all that, it is simply tragic and repulsive to see some prominent figures in Turkey who insist on blaming imagined "external enemies." Alas, enough is enough, and it is time be honest. We face an internal enemy, and it deserves to be called "Turkish fascism."
The term does not imply an organic link between Turks and the fascist ideology. The latter is a modern disease that has influenced many nations throughout the 20th century. Germans and Italians are the two most obvious cases, of course, but there are countless others. Even the quintessentially liberal Anglo-Saxons had experience with the monster. (Remember the Ku Klux Klan and the British Union of Fascists.)
In Turkey, the story of fascism is most ironic, because although our contemporary fascists are fanatically anti-Western, the ideology is an import from the West into the traditionally multicultural lands of the great Ottoman Empire. It all began with the Social Darwinism that some Young Turk intellectuals, such as Yusuf Akcura, acquired in European capitals in the turn of the century. Their vision of a fully Turkified state came true in the 1920s, with the creation of the Turkish Republic.
Kemal Ataturk's vision for this new state was not racist, he instead defined Turkishness in terms culture and citizenship, but things started to change in the '30s. Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany were admired by some of the Republican elite, such as Recep Peker, the long-time general secretary of the CHP (the party is now chaired by his intellectual descendant, Deniz Baykal.) The Turkey of the '30s also imitated corporatism, the economic model of Fascist Italy, and internalized Benito Mussolini's motto, "Everything for the State; nothing outside the State; nothing against the State. …