For Best Results, Consider Migraine Complex
Dixon, Bruce K., Clinical Psychiatry News
SCOTTSDALE, ARIZ. -- Acute migraine cannot be managed effectively without a therapeutic partnership between doctor and patient, and a full understanding of the disabling features of each patient's headache episodes, Dr. Lawrence C. Newman said.
"Most of us are focused on the head pain, but when you talk to patients, many [of them] will say they are not disabled by the head pain as much as they are by some of the migraine-associated features such as nausea and vomiting. So by focusing on the head pain, you're not truly helping that individual," Dr. Newman said at a symposium sponsored by the American Headache Society.
It's important to consider the entire migraine complex, to treat pain and associated symptoms using the stratified care approach, and to specifically ask patients about disability, said Dr. Newman, who is director of the Roosevelt Headache Institute in New York City.
'All too often we get a history that says the patient is getting, for example, two headaches a month and we leave it at that and give him medications to take on those 2 days acutely, but if you delve a bit more into that history, you'll see that one of those attacks is so severe that the patient isn't going to work regularly," he said.
Dr. Newman said his colleagues must make sure they know what medications each patient has taken in the past, what the dosages were, what has or has not worked, and how frequently the attacks occur.
Once a correct migraine diagnosis is made, therapy can be undertaken based on the disability that the headaches generate, said Dr. Newman, who explained that stratified care based on disability has been shown to be superior to step care (JAMA 2000;284:2599-605).
"Using the MIDAS [Migraine Disability Assessment] Questionnaire, stratify the patient into a low-need group (MIDAS score 0-5), a moderate-need group (6-10), or a high-need group (11+)," he said. 'Again, you have to specifically ask the patient about the disability caused by her headaches.
"For those [patients] with a low need, start with an NSAID or other nonspecific agent. If it doesn't work, then step up the care to a specific agent for migraine. …