Depressive Symptoms of Younger and Older Korean Married Women

By Keith, Pat M.; Hong, Seon H. | Journal of Comparative Family Studies, Summer 1994 | Go to article overview

Depressive Symptoms of Younger and Older Korean Married Women


Keith, Pat M., Hong, Seon H., Journal of Comparative Family Studies


This research investigated factors related to depressive symptoms among younger and older married Korean women. A primary objective was to determine the relative importance of five assessments of personal and family relationships fo depressive symptoms. Disagreement between spouses, financial strain, perceived deprivation, division of labor, and coresidence with parents-in-law were considered in relation to depressive symptoms. A second objective was to assess whether older and younger women were distressed by comparable or different circumstances in their families.

The Division of Labor in the Korean Family

Societal changes in Korea reflected in shifts in the roles of men and women in their families (Chung, 1986) formed a part of the background for this research. In Korea as in other countries the labor force participation of women has increased (Cho, 1986), and it has been suggested that attitudes toward the division of labor in the household and in the actual distribution of tasks have become less traditional. In Korea, the growing nuclear family system in contras to the extended family pattern emphasizes that a "husband-wife team runs the family" (Chung, 1986: 182) with correspondingly enlarged roles for men in the household. Changes in Korean family values are demonstrated in the allocation o roles between husbands and wives, the distribution of authority, expectations o spouses, and ideal images of women (Lee, 1986). Lee observed a decline in decisions made only by husbands and an increase in shared decisions by spouses about children, increased participation in homemaking tasks by husbands and children, and a less hierarchical relationship between spouses accompanied by greater emotional support and affection between partners. However, research in both Korea (Lee, 1986) and in the United States (Pleck, 1983) suggests that changes in the distribution of labor in the home have not been substantial. The relationship between shared family work and well-being has been investigated among families in the United States (Pleck, 1983; Thompson and Walker, 1989), but the outcomes have been inconclusive.

Following a review of considerable research, Pleck (1983) observed studies usin the best measures of family work and adjustment consistently showed the more family work done by women in two-job families the poorer their adjustment. Ther were negative effects for women in dual-earner families with husbands who assumed little responsibility for housework. In older households, however, shared housework was found to be especially distressing (Keith and Schafer, 1991). Comparable data were not available for Korean families.

Disagreement Between Spouses

The nature of the relationship between husbands and wives is determined in part by their personal characteristics, their expectations for one another, their views of gender roles, as well as broader societal influences. Within marriages spouses define roles for themselves that are idiosyncratic and that also reflec mutual adjustments made over the course of the relationship. The roles are subject to redefinition at different stages in the life course and are accommodated to changing needs in the marriage. For some individuals, chronic disagreements over roles will be demoralizing. Whereas some internal feelings may remain invisible, disagreement is often observable and assumes participatio and contributions from both partners.

Various types of psychological distress may be the end products of interaction problems and misunderstandings in marriages when the relationship cannot accommodate the strain (Hinchliffe, et al., 1978). Depressive symptoms are one type of psychological distress fostered by disagreement between spouses. In research in the United States, the relationship between disagreement of partner and depressive symptoms was investigated; disagreement was greater among younge couples than among their older peers (Keith and Schafer, 1991). …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • A full archive of books and articles related to this one
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Depressive Symptoms of Younger and Older Korean Married Women
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

    Already a member? Log in now.