Forest Management, Farmers' Practices and Biodiversity Conservation in the Monogaga Protected Coastal Forest in Southwest Cote d'Ivoire

By Yao, C. Y. Adou; Roussel, Bernard | Africa, Winter 2007 | Go to article overview

Forest Management, Farmers' Practices and Biodiversity Conservation in the Monogaga Protected Coastal Forest in Southwest Cote d'Ivoire


Yao, C. Y. Adou, Roussel, Bernard, Africa


ABSTRACT

The emergence of biodiversity standards in the nature conservation literature requires that we consider the interactions between conservation and local practices from a new angle. The coastal forest of Monogaga, a protected area inhabited by a local population, is an ideal terrain for comparing the impact of local agricultural practices and the activities of Sodefor, the government agency charged with the management of this conservation area. The discourses and uses of forest resources of these two actors allow us to compare the biodiversity of forest cover categories recognized by peasant farmers and Sodefor, using the standard statistical methods for measuring biodiversity (the Shannon and Weaver index, species richness, number of special status species).

For Sodefor, it is the most dense forest ecosystems (the 'black forests') and the lands that they occupy that constitute the area's natural heritage. The agency believes that these forests must be protected from all human uses, especially farming, if the forest is to be transmitted to future generations. In contrast, Wanne farmers view the old forests (kporo) as long-term fallows (teteklwoa) or reserves of fertile land that will be cleared when there is a need for more farmland in the future. For them, patrimony is constituted by the intergenerational transmission of a bundle of resource access and farming rights within lineages.

With regard to biodiversity, a comparison of the two types of resource management practices (Sodefor and farmer) gives nuanced results. The farmers' areas are more diverse than those of Sodefor when considering the Ake Assi threatened species list. For the Sassandrian species list, both management types maintained the same quantity of species. For endemics and the IUCN red list species, the spatial units controlled by Sodefor show more diversity.

RESUME

L'emergence de standards de biodiversite dans la conservation de la nature oblige a considerer les interactions entre conservation de la nature et pratiques locales sous un angle nouveau. La foret littorale de Monogaga, classee avec ses habitants est un terrain ideal pour comparer les impacts des pratiques agricoles et ceux des activites de la Sodefor, gestionnaire officiel de l'espace classe.

Apres avoir recueilli les discours sur la foret et observe les usages que ces deux acteurs font des ressources forestiers, une comparaison de la biodiversite des diverses categories de couverts forestiers reconnues par les paysans et par la Sodefor, est propose en utilisant des outils statistiques classiques des etudes de biodiversite : indice de Shannon et Weaver, richesse specifique, nombre d'especes a statut special.

Pour la Sodefor, ce sont les ecosystemes forestiers les plus denses (les 'forets noires') et les terres qu'ils occupent qui constituent le patrimoine naturel : pour etre transmis aux generations futures, il doit etre protege de toutes les activites humaines et surtout de la mise en culture. Pour les fermiers wanne, en revanche, les vieilles forets (kporo) comme les jacheres anciennes (teteklwoa) sont avant tout des reserves de terres fertiles qui seront defrichees si le besoin s'en fait sentir. Ce qui est transmis de generation en generation, au sein des lignages, c'est un ensemble de regles d'acces a certaines ressources et de droits de mise en culture.

Sur le plan de la biodiversite, la comparaison des deux types de gestion (Sodefor et paysanne) donnent des resultats nuances : Les espaces geres par les fermiers sont plus diversifies que ceux de la Sodefor quand on considere la liste des especes remarquables de Ake Assi. Pour ce qui est des especes sassandriennes, les deux types de gestion ne sont pas differents. En revanche, les especes de la liste rouge de l'IUCN sont plus diversifiees dans les sites geres par la Sodefor.

**********

Southwestern Cote d'Ivoire is the home to plant life that naturalists, ecologists, botanists and zoologists alike study with special attention: dense humid forests. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Forest Management, Farmers' Practices and Biodiversity Conservation in the Monogaga Protected Coastal Forest in Southwest Cote d'Ivoire
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.