Female Intimate Partner Violence and Developmental Trajectories of Abusive Females

By Dutton, Donald G. | International Journal of Men's Health, Spring 2007 | Go to article overview

Female Intimate Partner Violence and Developmental Trajectories of Abusive Females


Dutton, Donald G., International Journal of Men's Health


A review of the research literature indicates that female intimate partner violence (IPV) is a frequent as male IPV. It is just as severe and has much the same consequences for males as for females. Despite these findings, criminal justice intervention and custody evaluation operate from the unwarranted assumption that males are the greater risk for IPV perpetration.

Keywords: females as perpetrators, males as victims, intimate partner violence

**********

Research data contradicting the feminist view of intimate partner violence (IPV)--exclusively male perpetrators and female victims--have been available since 1980. Stets and Straus (1992) reported data from the 1985 United States National Survey on the incidence of abuse showing that 45 percent of abuse reports were bilateral (corrected for level of severity) and, of the rest, women were three times as likely as males to use severe violence against a non-violent or minimally violent partner. Dutton (1994) reviewed data patterns inconsistent with feminist theory, including higher rates of IPV in lesbian relationships compared to heterosexual relationships, the absence of a direct relationship between power and violence in couples, and a small number of men who used severe violence unilaterally.

As new incidence data were collected, they became more troubling for feminist theory (Dutton 2006; Dutton & Nicholls, 2005). These included data from the United States National Surveys of 1975 and 1985 showing women to be as violent as males. However, female violence rates have been portrayed as indications of self-defensive behavior, as less serious, or as a result of reporting differences. In fact, they are equivalent or exceed males' rates, they include female violence against non-violent males, and they have serious consequences for males. A large meta-analytic study reviewed below (Archer, 2000) found male and female IPV to be best represented as overlapping skewed distributions. Females were injured more often than males, but by only .083 of a standard deviation from the mean.

New Studies of Dating Aggression

New data from dating violence studies are remarkably consistent with the adult partner abuse literature. Watson and colleagues sampled 475 high school students (266 males and 209 females) from a large, metropolitan area on Long Island, New York (Watson, Cascardi, Avery-Leaf, & O'Leary, 2001). Using a modified Conflict Tactics Scale (CTS), of students with past or current romantic relationships (N = 401), 45.6 percent reported at least one incident of physical aggression by their current or former partners, but just 9 percent reported exclusive victimization (that is, they had been a victim but not a perpetrator of physical aggression). Using a measure they developed, Watson and colleagues also studied gender differences in response to aggression by a dating partner. Female students were significantly more likely than male students to report an aggressive response. Specifically, girls were significantly more likely (42%) to fight back than boys (26%). Male students (24%) were more likely than female students (6%) to do nothing in response to abuse by a partner. There was also a trend for female students (28%) to be more likely to report breaking up with an abusive partner compared to male students (21%).

Follingstad et al. (2002) conducted a particularly well-designed study of dating violence. They developed a structural equation model, which delineates primary and moderator variables, to best relate psychological etiology and dating violence in a sample of 412 college students. Since the authors assessed both members of the couple, individual characteristics could be statistically connected to couple variables. They also used subjects with a history of IPV (30%) and a subsample of those without such a history (about 15%). Psychological variables measured included anxious attachment and angry temperament. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Female Intimate Partner Violence and Developmental Trajectories of Abusive Females
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.