A Household Production Approach to Overweight: A Model and Preliminary Estimates

By Kolodinsky, Jane; DeSisto, Thomas | Consumer Interests Annual, Annual 2007 | Go to article overview

A Household Production Approach to Overweight: A Model and Preliminary Estimates


Kolodinsky, Jane, DeSisto, Thomas, Consumer Interests Annual


Abstract

Using a health capital model and a national sample, this study provides preliminary estimates of the impact of socio-economic, behavioral and demographic variables on the likelihood of being overweight. Findings indicate that active lifestyle, moderation of fast food intake, and eating more meals "made from scratch," are associated with a healthy weight. Older persons, men, people with a family history of overweight and sedentary lifestyles are associated with overweight. While the results are not earth shattering, the study shows promise for an economic approach to estimating overweight and points to logical policy outcomes including the promotion enjoyable physical activity and teaching people to prepare simple meals from "scratch." It also sheds light on the debate as to whether the obesity epidemic of caused by individual choice or industry actions. Our results point to both consumer and market forces as contributing to an overweight America.

Introduction

Over the past several decades, obesity rates have nearly doubled: 30 percent of Americans are currently obese, and 64 percent are overweight (Flegal, Carroll, Ogden, & Johnson, 2002; U.S. Food and Drug Administration, 2004; Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2004). With as many as 400,000 Americans dying in the year 2000 due to poor diet and a lack of physical activity, obesity is on track to overtake tobacco as the greatest cause of preventable death in the country (Mokdad, Marks, Stroup, & Gerberding, 2005; Mokdad, Marks, Stroup, & Gerberding, 2004).

No one approach to the empirical study of obesity, therefore, appears to offer an accurate, full representation of all the factors that lead to increasing rates of obesity. However, an economic approach is rich enough to include individual, biological and environmental variables. While the existing literature covers a broad spectrum of topics, ranging from time use and food choice to gender and poverty, an overarching theme is that household production of meals and energy expenditure through time use and purchased input choices do impact the obesity epidemic. In turn, the obesity epidemic impacts the productivity of the nation through a decline in the stock of health capital. Clearly, overweight does not seem to be providing utility. Americans do not want to be overweight. In 2000, almost three quarters of Americans were eating fewer calories or less fat (or both) in order to lose weight or keep from gaining weight (CDC, 2006). At the same time, almost 70 percent of Americans were actively using physical activity or exercise to lose weight or keep from gaining weight (CDC, 2006). The above literature suggests that the household production model may serve as an effective framework for the examination of the building of health capital in terms of a healthy weight.Using a model based on the production of health capital, we empirically examine the contributions that food inputs and physical activity outputs have on overweight. We utilize a national household database that includes information about food inputs, exercise patterns, sociodemographic characteristics and tastes and preferences.

Method

We use Grossman's (1972a, 1972b) model of the demand for health capital to model consumer demand for a healthy weight. Grossman (1972a, 1972b) developed his model for the demand for health capital as an extension of human capital theory developed by Shultz (1960) and Becker (1964), and of Becker's (1965) theory on the allocation of time. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

A Household Production Approach to Overweight: A Model and Preliminary Estimates
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.