Rogue State: Maine's Foray into US Foreign Policy

By Baggott, Erin | Harvard International Review, Summer 2007 | Go to article overview

Rogue State: Maine's Foray into US Foreign Policy


Baggott, Erin, Harvard International Review


US foreign policy has traditionally been the purview of the federal government, but recent actions by states have stealthily challenged this assumption. Over the last decade, US governors have increasingly conducted their own foreign trade policy. Maine sent trade missions to Ireland and the United Kingdom in 2003, to Germany and Italy in 2004, and to France in 2005, generating more than US$30 million for the Maine economy. Other states have followed suit: in October 2005, the governor of New Hampshire brokered trade policy with Germany, the Czech Republic, and the Ukraine, and in February 2007, Ohio and other states sent a joint mission to South Africa.

Such state-led foreign policy remained a tolerable and even welcome novelty until it hit the nerve end of Cuba, which has been under US embargo since the Bay of Pigs disaster in 1961. In 2000, however, Congress passed the Trade Sanctions Reform and Export Enhancement Act, which exempted certain agricultural and medical goods from sanctions. The intent was benevolent, namely to provide humanitarian aid to those under authoritarian rule, but it made a charade of the US embargo on Cuba. In 2004, a whopping 44 percent of total Cuban imports came from none other than the United States. According to the agricultural publication Capital Press, in the seven years since the Sanctions Reform Act, US agricultural producers have sold approximately US$1.5 billion to Cuba.

Individual states have been crucial in providing this market. Maine, Nebraska, Louisiana, Idaho, Montana, California, South Carolina, and Kansas have all signed trade agreements with Cuba. Maine has been at the forefront; Governor John Baldacci signed a US$10 million farm goods trade deal with Cuba in 2004 and doubled the deal to US$20 million in 2005. The problem is that while gubernatorial agreements with France or Italy might be economically profitable and do not contravene US foreign policy, Cuba is an entirely different situation. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Rogue State: Maine's Foray into US Foreign Policy
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.