Sports Administration and Good Governance: Theory and Practice in South Africa *

By Brooks, Brian | The International Sports Law Journal, July-October 2006 | Go to article overview

Sports Administration and Good Governance: Theory and Practice in South Africa *


Brooks, Brian, The International Sports Law Journal


Abstract

This paper is a follow up to papers delivered at the past two IASL Congresses. The first of those earlier papers examined the role of ethics as a regulator of sport. The second discussed the relationship between sport and recreation and the laws protecting the environment. This paper builds on those earlier themes and looks at the need for sports administrators to conform to good corporate governance practices. While examples will be drawn from many parts of the world most attention will be given to South Africa. In the past SA has been seen as a useful case study for investigation into racism and political change. Today SA has characteristics of both developed and developing countries and it provides opportunities for studies in corporate governance particularly in the context of professional sport.

This paper begins by asking why good corporate governance is important in society and narrows that down to an examination of why good governance in sport is important. There is a definition of good corporate governance and a distinction made between ownership and one hand and governance and management on the other. The old and the new models of corporate management are compared. The point is made that sports bodies are different from commercial trading companies while at the same time sharing characteristics of trading corporations. They share the pursuit of profit in the age of professional sport but at the same time, and unlike trading corporations, sporting bodies are deeply embedded in the life of the society and call forth deep emotional attachments. This duality is illustrated by an examination of the governance and administration of cricket, rugby and soccer. These three sports illustrate the problem arising from the fact that what was once a game is now a livelihood. Given this the question is then asked: are the accepted principles of good corporate governance and administration applicable to sports bodies? The answer is yes but the conclusion, based on the evidence, is that the old model of corporate governance in South African sport is being broken down only very slowly.

Preamble

"Greater transparency and accountability in both the public and private sectors, considered essential elements of good governance, are needed to ensure equality and equity in the access to, and participation in, economic, political and social activity in all countries." "Corporate Governance," in Asia: Lessons From The Financial Crisis (UNDP, Malaysia, 2002)

"The man accused of master-minding German soccer's match-fixing scandal testified yesterday that he paid players to throw games and told the court of his frustration over his failure to rig a game in Turkey." The Star 21st October 2005 at page 23.

"major company collapses in recent years, such as Enron and HIH, have led to questions about the quality of corporate governance of business enterprises."

Council Brief, October 2005 at page 3. "Soccer s era as the country s biggest sport has finally dawned, eclipsing rugby not only in terms of the number of spectators and audiences but as a destination for sponsors' millions." Sunday Times Business Times 13 June 2004 page 1.

"Sport is too much a game to be a business and too much a business to be a game." Journal of Business Ethics, Vol.20. 1999, at page 52.

"Millions pumped into SA rugby despite elections." The Star 17th February 2006.

Introduction

In the South Africa context Basson and Loubser have observed: "For the management and administration of a sports body as an association or society and for sporting events to take place, there is a need for tasks to be carried out by certain people other than the referees, coaches, players and spectators: the administrators. They are the ones who have to see to it that the aims of the sporting body are attained and that events take place, whether these be competition, recreation or other forms of entertainment. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • A full archive of books and articles related to this one
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Sports Administration and Good Governance: Theory and Practice in South Africa *
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

    Already a member? Log in now.