Racism and Fascism

By Morrison, Toni | The Nation, May 29, 1995 | Go to article overview

Racism and Fascism


Morrison, Toni, The Nation


What follows is an excerpt of a speech Toni Morrison delivered at Howard University on March 2. Much of the address is concerned with a celebration of the historic role her alma mater has played in the long battle against segregation. But in the middle of the speech Morrison abruptly turns to a consideration of the contemporary face and lineaments of racism and its role in the construction of a new brand of fascism in this country.

- The Editors

Let us be reminded that before there is a final solution, there must be a first solution, a second one, even a third. The move toward a final solution is not a jump. It takes one step, then another, then another. Something, perhaps, like this: 1. Construct an internal enemy, as both focus and diversion. 2. Isolate and demonize that enemy by unleashing and protecting the utterance of overt and coded name-calling and verbal abuse. Employ ad hominem attacks as legitimate charges against that enemy. 3. Enlist and create sources and distributors of information who are willing to reinforce the demonizing process because it is profitable, because it grants power and because it works. 4. Palisade all art forms; monitor, discredit or expel those that challenge or destabilize processes of demonization and deification. 5. Subvert and malign all representatives of and sympathizers with this constructed enemy. 6. Solicit, from among the enemy, collaborators who agree with and can sanitize the dispossession process. 7. Pathologize the enemy in scholarly and popular mediums; recycle, for example, scientific racism and the myths of racial superiority in order to naturalize the pathology. 8. Criminalize the enemy. Then prepare, budget for and rationalize the building of holding arenas for the enemy - especially its males and absolutely its children. 9. Reward mindlessness and apathy with monumentalized entertaimnents and with little pleasures, tiny seductions: a few minutes on television, a few lines in the press; a little pseudosuccess; the illusion of power and influence; a little fun, a little style, a little consequence. 10. Maintain, at all costs, silence.

In 1995 racism may wear a new dress, buy a new pair of boots, but neither it nor its succubus twin fascism is new or can make anything new. It can only reproduce the environment that supports its own health: fear, denial and an atmosphere in which its victims have lost the will to fight. …

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