Elephants on LSD and Other Bizarre Experiments

Daily Mail (London), November 1, 2007 | Go to article overview

Elephants on LSD and Other Bizarre Experiments


Byline: Fiona MacRae

THE thirst for knowledge often inspires research with life-changingresults. But it can also fuel experiments that range from the slightly silly tothe downright disgusting.

Now a list of the most amusing, provocative and outrageous experiments ofmodern science has been compiled by author Alex Boese, who scoured researchjournals, books and university archives.

Topics covered include what happens when you give an elephant LSD and how tomake a turkey frisky.

Featured in this week's New Scientist magazine, his book, Elephants On Acid AndOther Bizarre Experiments, also tells of attempts to bring dead dogs back tolife.

Here the Daily Mail details what are being called the ten silliest experimentsof all time.

ELEPHANTS ON ACID FORTY-FIVE years ago, two psychiatrists administeredhistory's largest dose of LSD to Tusko, a three-and-ahalf-ton elephant.

The 14-year-old male was given enough acid to make 3,000 people hallucinate, ina bizarre bid to find out whether it would trigger a temporary form of madnesscalled musth, in which bull elephants become sexually aggressive.

Whatever the intentions of the University of Oklahoma researchers, theexperiment backfired within seconds of the drug being injected into Tusko'srump on a hot August day in 1962.

The horrified creature trumpeted round its pen in Oklahoma City's Lincoln ParkZoo for a few minutes, before keeling over and dying shortly afterwards.

Faced with a public outcry, researchers Louis Jolyon West and Chester M Piercenoted they had taken the LSD in the past without fatal consequences - andsuggested the drug could be used to destroy herds in countries where they causea problem..

THE MASKED TICKLER IN 1933, Clarence Leuba, a professor of psychology in Ohio,used his wife and newborn son to try to find out why we laugh when we'retickled.

Leuba ordered that no one could laugh while tickling the child, or while beingtickled within earshot of him. If the boy laughed when tickled, this would showhis response was inbuilt, rather than something he learned from those aroundhim.

The household became a tickle-free zone, except during sessions in which Leubatickled the boy while hiding his face behind a mask.

By the age of seven months, the boy was screaming with laughter when tickled.Three years later, his younger sister reacted in a similar fashion, leadingLeuba to conclude laughter is an innate response to being tickled..

SLEEP LEARNING IN the summer of 1942, Lawrence LeShan stood in the darkness ofa cabin where a group of young boys lay sleeping.

All were chronic nailbiters and LeShan, a U.S. psychologist, tried to cure themby uttering the phrase: 'My fingernails taste terribly bitter' over and over asthey slept. By the end of the summer, 40 per cent had kicked the habit, withLeShan's actual voice appearing to be more effective than a recording.

Other researchers have questioned whether the youngsters were properly asleepduring the night-time lectures..

THE VOMIT DRINKING DOCTOR DETERMINED to prove that yellow fever was notcontagious, trainee doctor Stubbins Ffirth set out to demonstrate that nomatter how much he exposed himself to the disease, he would not catch it.

To this end, he poured 'fresh black vomit' from a patient into a cut on hisarm. When he failed to fall ill, he gradually upped the ante, pouring thestuffing into deeper cuts, dribbling it into his eyes, and even building a'vomit sauna' filled with vomit vapour.

He then drank the vomit, which gains its black colour from blood that hashaemorrhaged in the stomach.

He finished by smearing himself with yellow fever-tainted blood, saliva, sweatand urine. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Elephants on LSD and Other Bizarre Experiments
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.