Target: Middle East Oil; the Persian Gulf Is Home to Two-Thirds of the World's Proven Crude Oil Reserves. Protecting Those Resources Is a Top Priority

By Elliott, Robert | Security Management, April 2007 | Go to article overview

Target: Middle East Oil; the Persian Gulf Is Home to Two-Thirds of the World's Proven Crude Oil Reserves. Protecting Those Resources Is a Top Priority


Elliott, Robert, Security Management


DESPITE ALL THE TALK about alternative fuels, the Middle East expects no letup in the world's increasing appetite for crude and gas, particularly in Asia, over the next decade or two. The International Energy Agency forecasts total energy demand to grow by 50 percent by the year 2020.

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The need to protect the source of that crude will create a growth market for security firms, Dr. Flynt Leverett, former White House senior director for Middle East Affairs at the National Security Council, told attendees at the ASIS International Middle East Security Conference and Exhibition 2006 in Bahrain.

The Persian Gulf is home to two-thirds of the world's proven crude oil reserves. Saudi Arabia alone contains about a quarter of the globe's reserves. Two of the three largest natural gas reserves around the globe are in Iran and Qatar.

The threat landscape in the region is, of course, challenging. Leverett reminded his audience that the United States-driven war in Iraq has resulted in a new type of terrorist threat rooted in part in a religious ideology that he preferred to call "Sunni extremist" rather than "jihadist."

Leverett, who resigned his White House post in March 2003 as a result of disagreement with the Bush administration's Iraq policy, said the Sunni threat has become worse because the U.S. invasion sealed America's bad reputation in the region, and facilitated recruitment efforts by terrorist organizations. The war has also made the Middle East a new training ground for the next generation of Sunni terrorists, who before were training foot soldiers principally in Southeast Asia and Europe.

The war has also shifted the balance of power in the Middle East by removing Iraq as a natural check against Iran, heightening the latter's regional influence, according to Leverett--a view echoed by other experts.

"So we have this intersection of an energy-driven economic dynamism in the region with worsening security threats," Leverett told attendees. "That nascent framework will be in place in this part of the world for at least the next 15 or 20 years, and maybe longer than that. …

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