Third-Person Perception about Domestic Violence among Experts

By Chapin, John | North American Journal of Psychology, December 2007 | Go to article overview

Third-Person Perception about Domestic Violence among Experts


Chapin, John, North American Journal of Psychology


The current study used a test and re-test of the same third-person perception instrument with similar participants to attempt to replicate findings. Both studies used emergency medical personnel (study 1, N = 587 urban hospital personnel; study 2, N = 212 suburban and rural hospital personnel) to assess the impact of actual expertise on third-person perception regarding media depictions of domestic violence. Results were stronger than anticipated, yielding instead first-person perception. The study contributes to the growing literature linking third/first-person perception to optimistic bias and extends the behavioral component of person-perception research by testing a relationship with self-efficacy, with mixed results.

**********

There was a service unit consisting of Negro troops with white officers on Iwo Jima Island in the Pacific (WWII). The Japanese learned about the location of this unit and sent planes over with propaganda leaflets. These leaflets stressed the theme that this was a white man's war and that the Japanese people had no quarrel with colored peoples. They said more or less, "Don't risk your life for the white man. Give yourself up at the first opportunity, or just desert. Don't take chances." The next day that unit was withdrawn (Davison, 1983, p. 1).

Thus began the first investigation into third-person perception, then called third-person effect. In lay terms, people believe the most powerful influence of the media isn't on themselves (the first person) or their peers (the second person), but on distant "others" (the third person). Because people act on their perceptions, third-person perception can have tangible consequences. Davison (1983) noted that no impact was observed among the targeted African-American soldiers, but white officers' perceptions of the effect of the leaflets led to swift action.

Since its inception, third-person perception (TPP) has been well documented in dozens of contexts. Paul, Salwen and Dupagne's (2000) meta-analysis documents the robustness of findings, but also highlights several shortcomings. The over-reliance on college student samples has produced inflated effect sizes. Numerous theoretical frameworks have been tested, with mixed results. Few studies go beyond documenting the phenomenon to exploring the behavioral links which were key to the original study. Why did the white officers assume their soldiers would be influenced by the leaflets enough to surrender a military position? The current study attempts to address some of the issues raised by the meta-analysis and explore some possible behavioral consequences of TPP.

Recent TPP studies show the belief that others are more influenced by media messages continues to emerge across various media. White American college students believe television coverage of terrorism affects others more than themselves (Haridakis & Rubin, 2005); Israeli parents fear the impact of their favorite soap operas on children (Tsfati, Ribak & Cohen, 2005); Taiwanese college students believe they are less influenced than others by Internet pornography (Lo & Wei, 2002). Two of the three studies above also yielded behavioral implications. Concerned parents are more likely to monitor their children's television viewing. Students concerned about the impact of Internet pornography are more likely to support government regulation and censorship.

Support for censorship/regulation is the most common behavioral prediction made in TPP research (Chia, Lu & McLeod, 2004; Huh, Delorme & Reid, 2004; Lo & Wei, 2002; Neuwirth, Frederick & Mayo, 2002; Tsfati, Ribak & Cohen, 2005). Others have included preparing for a predicted disaster (Salwen & Dupagne, 2003; Tewksbury, Moy & Weis, 2004), risky sexual behavior (Chapin, 2000; 2001; Duck, Terry, & Hogg, 1995), cigarette smoking (Eveland, Nathanson, Detenber, & McLeod, 1999; Gunther & Thorson, 1992), and physical relocation (Tsfati & Cohen, 2003). …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Third-Person Perception about Domestic Violence among Experts
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.