Where Buffalo Rome; Mozzarella Herd: There Are 80,000 Head of Buffalo on Dairy Farms in the Humid Lowlands of Italy

Daily Mail (London), January 24, 2008 | Go to article overview

Where Buffalo Rome; Mozzarella Herd: There Are 80,000 Head of Buffalo on Dairy Farms in the Humid Lowlands of Italy


Byline: Charles Legge

QUESTION Where are the buffalo kept that provide Italy with itsmozzarella? I have never seen one there.

MOZZARELLA di bufala Campana, or buffalo mozzarella, is the most prized ofmozzarella cheeses, made exclusively from whole buffalo milk.

A cheese of ancient origin, mozzarella takes its name from a part of theproduction cycle when the curd, after being stretched, is mozzata (an Italianterm meaning 'lopped off') to obtain pieces of a suitable size.

The Italian water buffalo (bubalus bubalis) can be found in the hot, humidlowlands of the Campania region, between Naples, Salerno, Caserta, Benevento,Battipaglia, Eboli and Capaccio.

How the buffalo first got here is something of a mystery. It's generallythought that they came from India via the Middle East: some historians thinkthe buffalo may have trudged behind Hannibal's elephants into Italy around 216BC, others that they came with barbarian invaders in the 6th century AD.

In either case, following the fall of the Roman Empire the land around Paestumslowly turned into a swamp, fed by the Sele and Alento rivers. The inhabitantsmoved out but the water buffalo remained, ranging freely among the ruins.

For centuries, cowboys, known as butteri, would round up the wild animals,rough-and-ready milkmen would milk them and cheese makers would transform themilk into the elastic, white cheese balls.

The region's swamps were drained in the early 20th century, and today the waterbuffalo survive in captivity on farms equipped with pools or crossed by rivers.

To regulate their body temperature, they must be able to submerge themselves inwater several times a day. There are an estimated 80,000 head of buffalo inItaly now, all on dairy farms.

Marion Jacobs, Rome.

QUESTION What is the highest score by any Test cricket team batting firstbefore going on to lose the game?

THE timeless Test, by Australia against England at Sydney, lasted from December14-20, 1894, and resulted in a 10-run win for the visitors.

The Aussies amassed 586 runs in their first innings with Syd Gregorytop-scoring with 201 and George Giffen knocking 161.

England replied with 325 in the first innings, Lancashire's Albert Ward scoring75. Following on, the tourists made 437, with Ward again top run-getter with117. Set 177 to win, Australia were 135-3 at one stage and looked odds-on totake a 1-0 lead in the series.

But the hosts collapsed alarmingly and were dismissed for 166, Yorkshire'sgreat left-arm orthodox spinner Bobby Peel bowling unchanged to take 6-67 in 30overs.

This was a terrific victory for A. E. (Andrew) Stoddart's England team, who wonthe second Test by 94 runs, lost the next two but won the fifth and last by sixwickets at Melbourne to win the series 3-2.

Tony Matthews, Ashburton, Devon.

QUESTION Which other European cities have had the distinction of being EuropeanCapitals of Culture?

THE European City of Culture was launched on June 13, 1985, by the Council ofMinisters on the initiative of Greek Minister of Culture Melina Mercouri.

The idea is for a city to be designated by the European Union for a period ofone year, during which it is given a chance to showcase its cultural life. Theinitiative has had a growing cultural and socio-economic impact on the visitorsit has attracted.

Past European Capitals of Culture are1985: Athens (Greece), 1986: Florence (Italy), 1987: Amsterdam (Netherlands),1988: West Berlin (West Germany), 1989: Paris (France), 1990: Glasgow (UnitedKingdom), 1991: Dublin (Ireland), 1992: Madrid (Spain), 1993: Antwerp(Belgium), 1994: Lisbon (Portugal), 1995: Luxembourg (Luxembourg), 1996:Copenhagen (Denmark), 1997: Thessaloniki (Greece), 1998: Stockholm (Sweden),1999: Weimar (Germany), 2000: Reykjavik (Iceland), Bergen (Norway), Helsinki(Finland), Brussels (Belgium), Prague (Czech Republic), Krakow (Poland),Avignon (France), Bologna (Italy), 2001: Porto (Portugal), Rotterdam(Netherlands), 2002: Bruges (Belgium), Salamanca (Spain), 2003: Graz (Austria),2004: Genoa (Italy), Lille (France), 2005: Cork (Ireland), 2006: Patras(Greece), 2007: Sibiu (Romania), Luxembourg and greater region (Luxembourg),2008: Stavanger and Sandnes (Norway), Liverpool (UK). …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Where Buffalo Rome; Mozzarella Herd: There Are 80,000 Head of Buffalo on Dairy Farms in the Humid Lowlands of Italy
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.