Igc 2007 / European Council : Partial Success for a Social Europe'

European Social Policy, June 20, 2007 | Go to article overview

Igc 2007 / European Council : Partial Success for a Social Europe'


Despite what gloommongers or those who have only superficially read the conclusions of the EU summit of 21-22 June may say, the mandate given to the Intergovernmental Conference (IGC) is a success for social Europe. It is a modest success but a success nonetheless. It also shows that, as those advocating a No' to the EU's Constitutional Treaty during the French and Dutch referendums argued, it is possible to add some more social provisions without unravelling everything and, as those advocating a Yes' to the EU Constitution argued, Europe is not by its very nature hostile to social issues.

There are six important provisions, which can, if need be, be combined:

1) the legal basis for public services (Article III-122 of the EU Constitution);

2) a protocol on services of general interest (new, thanks to the insistence of the Dutch delegation - see separate article);

3) social objectives, completed and brought up to the level of overriding objective of the EU in its actions and policies (new, thanks to the German presidency of the EU together with some delegations, especially the French one);

4) the cross-cutting social clause, making it mandatory for social demands to be taken into account (high levels of employment, education and professional training, guarantee of social protection, fight against social exclusion, protection of human health (article III-117 of the EU Constitution));

5) a Charter of Fundamental Rights that retains a certain legal force (in spite of British, Polish and Czech attempts to reduce its strength - see separate article);

6) the possibility for the EU to accede to the European Convention on Human Rights even if the decision still has to be taken by unanimity. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Igc 2007 / European Council : Partial Success for a Social Europe'
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.