Carpets with Kudos

By Eiland, Murray Lee,, III | The Middle East, January 1996 | Go to article overview

Carpets with Kudos


Eiland, Murray Lee,, III, The Middle East


Persian carpets have been popular in international markets for centuries. Following a drastic decline in sales after the fall of the late Shah the carpet is now once again a major Iranian export. By Murray Lee Eiland III.

Despite the rise in popularity of hand made carpets and rugs from India, Pakistan and China, Persian carpets have continued to hold the admiration of the international community for their unique aesthetic qualities. Market forces have pushed prices up and down over the years. During his reign, the late Shah established hundreds of weaving shops throughout the country to keep pace with growing Western demand. Following the Islamic Revolution of 1979, almost all supply lines to Western markets dried up and as a result, carpets became increasingly sought after, changing hands for anything up to half a million dollars each. Since the early days of the Islamic Republic attitudes have altered and the Iranian government is currently involved in making the most of its multi-million dollar carpet industry.

Hand made carpets are Iran's second largest export. Some eight million Iranians, out of a total population of around 60 million, earn their livelihood totally or partially in the carpet industry or related services. It is no surprise then that the government takes particular care with the organisation of such an important industry which - unlike oil- is a renewable resource,

An annual conference on Persian carpets, sponsored by the Export Centre of Iran, is rapidly becoming a fixture. Far from limiting itself to academic interchanges on art-historical topics, however, the conference this year was characterized by a hard pragmatism.

It is clear a number of ministers realise that although Persian carpets are held in high regard, several international competitors are gaining strength in the field. As one observer at the conference put it: "If you let the competition run wild he will eat your breakfast, lunch, and dinner." It is also clear that unlike the early government of the newly established Islamic Republic, which found carpets "bourgeois" and as a result scaled down production, a new understanding has developed and one which stresses capital gains from centralized production.

However, it would be wrong to assume the government is concerned only with profit margins. Over the last several decades, Iran has seen definite shifts from agricultural to urban production. Additionally, the country has a large population and this situation seems likely to continue.

Cities such as Tehran have absorbed huge numbers of immigrants from rural areas. And while the government has focused considerable resources on urban development schemes, it is clear it is fighting a losing battle. Instead, ministers have been forced to outline policies of "containment." In order to prevent mass migrations to already overcrowded cities, rural development is the new phrase and carpet production is expected to play a major role. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited article

Carpets with Kudos
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this article
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.