History of Joint Forces Staff College
In the 1930s, few officers were qualified, either by training or experience, to engage in joint operations. The demands of World War II brought out the urgent need for joint action by ground, sea, and air forces. To alleviate the friction and misunderstanding resulting from lack of joint experience, the Joint Chiefs of Staff established an Army and Navy Staff College (ANSCOL) in 1943. ANSCOL conducted a four-month course that was successful in training officers for joint command and staff duties.
After the war, educational requirements for the armed forces were fully examined. Although thorough contingency planning was recognized as essential for waging war on a joint and combined scale, ANSCOL, which had been established to meet the immediate needs of war, was discontinued. A joint committee was appointed to prepare a directive for a new school. This directive, which was approved by the Joint Chiefs of Staff on 28 June 1946, established the Joint Forces Staff College (JFSC). Responsibility for the operation and maintenance of its facilities was charged to the Chief of Naval Operations.
Following a temporary residence in Washington, D.C., JFSC was established in Norfolk, Virginia, on 13 August 1946. The site, formerly a U.S. Naval Receiving Station, was selected by the Secretaries of War and Navy because of its immediate availability and its proximity to varied high-level military activities. There were 150 students from all Services in the first class.
They assembled in converted administration buildings on 3 February 1947 to be greeted by the first commandant, Air Force Lieutenant General Delos C. Emmons. The faculty officers came from joint assignments in all theaters of World War II. With the construction of Normandy Hall in 1962, JFSC completed its transition from a temporary to a permanent institution. JFSC was assigned to the National Defense University on 12 August 1981. In the summer of 1990, JFSC changed from an intermediate joint professional military education school to a temporary duty (TDY) institution where Phase II of the Chairman's Program for Joint Education is taught.
In the last three years, JFSC has added the Joint Advanced Warfighting School, a single phase JPME advanced program; the Advanced Joint Professional Military Education program, a distance learning program targeting the Reserve Component; and several other specialized educational programs. Today's JFSC has eleven different programs serving the Joint, Interagency and Multinational education community.
Joint Advanced Warfighting School
Having now graduated its first two classes, the Joint Advanced Warfighting School (JAWS) experienced growth in its third year. In 2006, JAWS added a third seminar that brought its student capacity to 36, with potential for expansion. This past year also saw the school's first Coast Guard, Reserve Component (RC), and international students in addition to an already joint and interagency class composition. To accommodate the JAWS growth, a new high technology "generation III" seminar collaborative learning platform (classroom) was recently constructed.
Feedback from the first class of JAWS graduates was exceptionally positive; it validated much of the course curriculum while also prompting change for selected portions of the overall program. Graduates and their supervisors alike confirmed that the first JAWS class was producing the world-class campaign planners envisioned in the CJCS's original program concept. Of the 54 JAWS graduates, well over half are filling critical planning billets in the combatant commands (COCOMs) and on the Joint Staff while others are contributing as planners in their Services.
With ten highly qualified faculty members, the rigorous eleven month JAWS program confers a fully accredited Master of Science degree in Joint Campaign Planning and Strategy while providing Joint Professional Military Education Phase I and II credit. …