The Sydney Declaration (Edited Extract)
We, the APEC Economic Leaders, agree that economic growth, energy security and climate change are fundamental and interlinked challenges for the APEC region.
The dynamism of APEC, underpinned by open trade and investment, has reduced poverty, improved living standards and delivered economic and social development.
Our success has relied in part on secure supplies of energy, the use of which has also contributed to air quality problems and greenhouse gas emissions.
A great challenge for APEC, given the aspirations of 41 per cent of the world's population in our region, is to chart new pathways for clean and sustainable development.
We are committed, through wide-ranging and ambitious actions, to ensuring the energy needs of the economies of the region while addressing the issue of environmental quality and contributing to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.
Future international action
We reaffirm our commitment to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Based on UNFCCC principles, we believe the following must underpin an equitable and effective post-2012 international climate change arrangement:
We need concerted international action with all economies contributing to shared global goals in ways that are equitable, and environmentally and economically effective.
Respect for different domestic circumstances and capacities
The future international climate change arrangement needs to reflect differences in economic and social conditions among economies and be consistent with our common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities.
To ensure a comprehensive global effort, we support a flexible arrangement that recognises diverse approaches, and supports practical actions and international cooperation across a broad range of areas relevant to climate change. We support domestic actions which make measurable contributions to a shared global goal, and underline the importance of the effective operation of market mechanisms.
The important role for low and zero emissions energy sources and technologies
Fossil fuels will continue to play a major role in our regional and global energy needs. Co-operation, including joint research, development, deployment and transfer of low and zero emission technologies for their cleaner use, particularly coal, will be essential. …