Still on the Case: Dr. King Speaks to Black Youth
In books, speeches and personal conversations, Martin Luther King Jr. called Black youths to the mountaintop of love, struggle and excellence. The best tribute Black youths can pay him on his 67th anniversary of his birth is to heed the challenge he addressed to them on the subjects of individual and group emancipation.
ON BLACK HERITAGE
The Negro must always guard against the danger of becoming ashamed of himself and his past.
There is much in the heritage of the Negro that each of us can be proud of.
The oppression that we have faced, partly because of the color of our skin, must not cause us to feel that everything non-White is objectionable.
The content of one's character is the important thing, not the color of the skin.
We must teach every Negro child that rejection of heritage means loss of cultural roots, and [that] people who have no past have no future.
Ebony, January 1958
ON BLACK STUDENTS IN WHITE SCHOOLS
The whiteness and blackness of the skin should in no way determine the relationship [between Black and White students].
Properly speaking, a Negro should never have a "White friend"; he should have a friend who happens to be White.
A White person should never have a "colored friend"; he should have a friend who happens to be colored. So you should seek to freely associate with White and Negro students, realizing that the relationship is determined by the common humanity of all rather than by race.
Ebony, November 1957
ON ECONOMIC EMANCIPATION
Well has it been said ... that Negroes too often buy what they want and beg for what they need. Negroes must learn to practice systematic saving. They must also pool their economic resources through various cooperative enterprises. Such agencies as credit unions, savings and loan associations, and finance companies are needed in every Negro community. All of these are things that would serve to lift the economic level of the Negro which would in turn give him greater purchasing power. This increased purchasing power will inevitably make for better housing, better health standards, and for better educational standards.
Ebony, March 1958
The function of education ... is to teach one to think intensively and to think critically. But education which stops with efficiency may prove the greatest menace to society. The most dangerous criminal may be the man gifted with reason, but with no morals ... We must remember that intelligence is not enough. Intelligence plus character--this is the goal of true education.
Morehouse Maroon Tiger, quoted
in What Manner of Man
ON THE PURSUIT OF EXCELLENCE
One should seek to do this life's work as if God Almighty called him at this particular moment in history to do it. And he must do it with a sense of cosmic responsibility, no matter how small it happens to be. He must do a little job in a big way. He must do an ordinary job in an extraordinary way. "If you can't be a pine on the top of a hill, be a scrub in the valley, but be the best little scrub on the side of the hill. Be a bush if you can't be a tree. If you can't be a highway, just be a trail. If you can't be the sun, be a star. For it isn't by size that you win or you fail. Be the best of whatever you are."
Speech Chicago Sunday Evening Club, March 1965
If it falls your lot to sweep streets, sweep them like Michelangelo painted pictures, like Shakespeare wrote poetry, like Beethoven composed music.
Dallas Morning News
We must skillfully and intellectually prepare ourselves to live in an integrated society. Whatever you choose as your life work, do it well. Don't be content with sheer mediocrity. Do your job so well that nobody could do it better. Do it so well that all the hosts of Heaven and Earth will have to say, "Here lived a man who did his job as if God Almighty called him at this particular moment in history to do it. …