South African Men Who Commit Gender-Based Violence Are More Likely to Have Transactional Sex

By Doskoch, P. | International Family Planning Perspectives, March 2008 | Go to article overview

South African Men Who Commit Gender-Based Violence Are More Likely to Have Transactional Sex


Doskoch, P., International Family Planning Perspectives


In rural South Africa, the strongest predictor of whether a young man has exchanged money or other gifts for sex is whether he has committed intimate partner violence or rape, according to an analysis of data from an HIV prevention trial. (1) Transactional sex is also associated with high socioeconomic status, adverse childhood experiences, having large number of sexual partners and alcohol use. These associations hold regardless of whether the young man is the provider or the recipient of the gifts, and whether the sex is with his main partner or a casual partner.

The study was a secondary analysis of data from a study of an HIV prevention program that recruited 1,396 young men aged 15-26 from secondary schools in 70 villages in South Africa's Eastern Cape province. At base-line, participants completed structured, face-to-face interviews that included items about demographic variables, media exposure, childhood trauma, alcohol abuse (determined by the World Health Organization's screening quedtionnaire), resistance to peer pressure, coerced sex with men and attitudes toward gender relations and relationship control. In addition, participants were asked whether they had ever engaged in transactional sex, defined as heterosexual intercourse motivated by the provision (by either partner) of food, clothes, transportation, cosmetics, gifts for family members, school fees, a place to sleep, alcohol, a "fun night out" or money; they were also asked if they had ever been part of a transactional relationship--one in which either partner's involvement had been primarily motivated by expectations of receiving material goods. Finally, participants were asked whether they had ever engaged in emotional, physical or sexual violence against a main girlfriend and whether they had ever coerced a woman who was not their girlfriend into having sex. The researchers calculated descriptive statistics, and identified predictors of transactional sex using logistic regression.

After the exclusion of respondents who had never had sex or who had not provided an adequate sexual history, the final sample consisted of 1,288 young men. Most were 20 or younger (84%), and nearly all were students (97%) and had a main girlfriend (89%). On average, they had had seven lifetime sex partners; 7.3% had had at least one casual partner.

Although not the norm, transactional sex was not uncommon: About one in five respondents had had such sex with a casual partner, either as the provider of resources (13%), the recipient (2%) or both (5%). A similar proportion had been part of a transactional relationship, as the provider (7%), recipient (6%) or both (8%).

Gender-based violence was the strongest predictor of transactional sex with a casual partner. Men who had perpetrated both physical and sexual intimate partner violence with a main partner were more likely than those who had done neither to have had transactional sex, either as the provider of material resources (odds ratio, 5.6) or recipient (2.8). Men who had committed a sexual assault outside of a relationship also had elevated odds of having had transactional sex as the provider (1.6) or recipient (2.2). Emotional abuse against a main partner was associated with receiving resources from a casual partner (2.3), but not with giving them.

In addition, the odds of having provided gifts in exchange for sex were elevated among respondents with an alcohol problem (odds ratio, 1.6) and increased with each additional year of age (odds ratio, 1. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

South African Men Who Commit Gender-Based Violence Are More Likely to Have Transactional Sex
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.