The Use of Occupationally Focused Assessment Tools: The Practice of Occupational Therapists Working with Adults with Learning Disabilities in the UK
Blount, Jill, British Journal of Occupational Therapy
This study investigates the occupationally focused assessment tools used by occupational therapists working with adults with learning disabilities. It focuses on whether standardised or non-standardised tools are used, the factors influencing the choices of assessment tool, and whether any modifications are carried out to the tools to enable them to be used more easily with the client group. Details are provided of the background to the study, the methodology and the ethical considerations. The research design is a cross-sectional descriptive study, using a postal questionnaire for data collection. The questionnaire used both closed questions, which produced quantitative data, and free text answers to open questions. Using the posteriori method, the qualitative data were subject to content and thematic analysis as a result of categories that developed as the data were collected.
Out of 220 questionnaires sent out, 103 (46.8%) were returned and 100 (45%) were deemed eligible. The findings indicated that 92 of the 100 used occupationally focused assessment tools, with 55 using both standardised and non-standardised. The most frequently used standardised assessments were the MOHOST (n = 54/54%) and the AMPS (n = 48/48%), with initial assessments (n = 43/48%) and independent living skills/ADL assessments (n = 60/67%) being the most frequent non-standardised assessments.
The client's needs and abilities have the most influence on the choice of assessment, along with being trained in the use of a standardised tool. …