Connecting Organizational Environments with the Instructional Technology Practices of Community College Faculty

By Mars, Matthew M.; Ginter, Mary Beth | Community College Review, Summer 2007 | Go to article overview

Connecting Organizational Environments with the Instructional Technology Practices of Community College Faculty


Mars, Matthew M., Ginter, Mary Beth, Community College Review


The ongoing integration of instructional technology within community colleges has occurred for a variety of reasons. First, community colleges have implemented technology-based models to make operations more efficient and cost-effective. Second, instructional technology has been used to expand student markets through alternative course-delivery methods that reach those students unable to attend traditional campus courses because of geographical locations and constraints related to rigid work and family schedules. Third, community college courses are regularly updated to increase enrollment capacities and in many cases to better align content with today's high-tech economy. In this study, the authors use Karl Weick's conceptualization of loosely coupled organizations to explore the organizational environments of three community colleges in relation to the emphasis each institution places on the use of instructional technologies.

Keywords: community colleges; organizational environments; instructional technologies; college faculty culture

**********

During the past three decades, innovations in information technology have had profound effects on U.S. colleges and universities (Al-Bataineh & Brooks, 2003; Hardy & Bower, 2004; Rhoades, 1998). For instance, information technology has streamlined administrative processes, enhanced institutional marketing platforms, expanded student enrollment options, and increased the methods of course delivery. Not surprising is that the increasing integration of technology into the educational core of colleges and universities has resulted in numerous implications for those operating within such institutions. This qualitative study explores the implications of instructional technology on the faculty profession within community college settings. In doing so, three urban community colleges have been examined to capture how instructional technology has reshaped the tasks and activities of community college faculty. Direct attention is paid to how organizational environments influence faculty member views and practices specific to the integration of information technology into instructional activities.

Relevant Literature

The Integration of Technology Into Faculty Instructional Practices

The introduction of new technologies into existing organizations reshapes existing social structures and professional relations (Barley, 1986; Bijker & Law, 1992; Nissenbaum, 2001). Community colleges are no exception. Faculty members are not always central to institutional efforts to integrate instructional technologies into the core of college practices. For example, Rhoades (1998) provides an in-depth analysis of the influences of information technology on the social structures that comprise colleges and universities. Rhoades provides evidence of the increased social status of "managerial professionals." These professionals are not faculty members but are rather specialists in areas such as learning, enrollment management, retention, and information technology (Rhoades & Spore, 2002). Rhoades argues that managerial professionals specializing in instructional technologies are gradually displacing faculty members at the educational core of institutions. In other words, faculty members are being marginalized while professionals with technological skill sets are becoming more and more valued. This study investigates how organizational environments influence how faculty members perceive instructional technology in relation to their professional activities, development, and advancement. The preceding works on managerial professionals encouraged us to view faculty members as susceptible to the changes resulting from technological advancements and not simply elite institutional members who are protected from the winds of change. According to Noble (2001), the advancement of information technology threatens the centrality of the faculty role within the academy. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited article

Connecting Organizational Environments with the Instructional Technology Practices of Community College Faculty
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this article
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.