Where RM Should Report to Ensure Effective Electronic Records Management: As the Volume of Electronically Stored Information Continues to Grow Exponentially, It Is Crucial for Records Management to Report Wherever It Will Gain the Most Influence and Leverage across the Organization
Choksy, Carol E. B., Information Management
Unlike any other aspect of business, records management--the act of planning and managing every piece of an organization's captured information--is an element of every business process. From the articles of incorporation to the penciled notes of a janitor on a work ticket and to employees' work--and personal e-mail, that information must be managed from its inception to its final disposition.
Therefore, where records management reports within an organization can make the difference between the organization being effective and it collapsing like Arthur Andersen did as a result of its information mishandling connected to the Enron collapse. Especially as the volume of electronically stored information continues to grow exponentially, it is crucial for organizations to ensure that records management is reporting at the appropriate level and to the appropriate area.
Where that appropriate place is will vary for every organization. The hypothesis of a study funded by an NHPRC Electronic Records Research Fellows Grant in 2005-2006 was that the key to records management's effectiveness is for it to report to the senior executive with the greatest amount of leverage across the organization, whether that person is the executive over finance, legal, compliance, information technology, or another function.
Because there is no historical literature on this subject, the hypothesis had not been tested. Previous work in this area often used "instant" surveys that were created with online survey tools and blasted by e-mail to members of records-related associations and consumers of records management technology, or it focused primarily on the records manager's portfolio, or span of control.
Because these surveys were not scientific--for example, they often did not have filtering tools to prevent multiple participants from a variety of levels within a single company from taking the survey or a single participant from completing it more than once--their validity is questionable.
Although the 2002 study that resulted in the publication Records and Information Management: A Benchmarking Study of Large U.S. Industrial Companies did use standard social science methodology, its limitation was its focus on records management's role in managing the latter half of the information life cycle--which probably reflects the status of records managers at that time. Its conclusions indicated that the primary duties of records managers then were to create retention schedules and manage offsite storage for paper records. Not addressing governance, policies, and procedures except in connection with retention schedules was a lost opportunity.
The purpose of the NHPRC-funded project, which used standard social science methods, was to learn where some of the largest U.S. companies place records management organizationally, the span of control of records management, and what those companies are doing about managing records. Where records management is located and its span of control probably provide the best measures of whether effective methods for managing electronic records have been implemented by a company.
The NHPRC study differs from other studies of electronic records and records manager's duties in that it explored the broad duties as well as the context for managing electronic documents successfully within large corporations.
More than 300 individuals in charge of the records management programs for Fortune 500, Forbes 300, and Transnational 100 companies in the United States were invited to participate, initially by commenting on the proposed survey. Of those, 33 responded that they would like to comment on the survey, and five later submitted comments.
Once the survey was finalized, all 339 potential participants were contacted again and asked to take the survey anonymously. …