Research on Globalization and Education

Childhood Education, Fall 2008 | Go to article overview

Research on Globalization and Education


RESEARCH ON GLOBALIZATION AND EDUCATION. Spring, J., Review of Educational Research, 2008, 78(2), 330-363. According to Spring, "Research on globalization and education involves the study of intertwined worldwide discourses, processes, and institutions affecting local and educational practices and policies" (p. 330). This article describes, in detail, how globalization influences almost every aspect of education, down to local educational communities. Spring's discussion centers around "four major interpretations of the process of educational globalization" (p. 334): 1) world culture, 2) world systems, 3) postcolonialist, and 4) culturalist belief systems.

World culture views mass schooling as a Western ideal. "One premise of world culture scholars is that all cultures are slowly integrating into a single global culture.... Nation-states draw on this world culture in planning their school systems" (p. 334). However, researchers of world systems view globalization differently, seeing the world as divided into two unequal groups. The first group is composed of the richer nations, including the United States, the European Union, and Japan. The other group is made up of periphery nations. "The goal of the core [group] is to legitimize its power by inculcating its values into periphery nations" (p. 334). The postcolonial view involves the notion that globalization "is an effort to impose particular economic and political agendas on the global society that benefit wealthy and rich nations at the expense of the world's poor" (p. 334). Finally, the culturalist view is that a common curriculum model already exists, based on a Western ideal, that has become "global. …

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