Evaluating Citizen Attitudes and Participation in Solid Waste Management in Tehran, Iran
* As municipal solid waste (MSW) problems become more complicated, waste policies also become more numerous and complex.
* Recently, increasing attention has been paid to the environmental impact of solid waste in Iran.
* Having a population of about 10 million (about 1/7 of Iran's total population), Tehran is among the most populated capitals in the world.
* With 22 different districts, this city generates approximately 7,000 tons of municipal waste per day that culminates in 2.5 million tons annually.
* If a reduction strategy on the waste stream is not implemented, this huge amount of waste will be buried in Kahrizak (the exclusive landfill site of Tehran).
* Land and underground water resource degradation in the vicinity of the landfill site--as well as epidemic disease ourbreaks that were obviously observed by the researchers in the area surrounding the site--may be considered as alarming warnings for further catastrophic consequences of uncontrolled waste dumping.
* In this study, the authors analyze the current composition of Tehran's generated waste and make some practical recommendations in order to reduce the waste stream load directed towards land.
* The authors also evaluate the degree to which people are concerned about the fate of the waste they generate.
* Trained interviewers performed door-to-door surveys to evaluate citizens' attitudes and beliefs about participation in point-of-generation reduction programs like source separation, waste minimization, etc. …