The Carpet Cure
Pennybacker, Mindy, Sierra
When I was four years old, I used to play "The Wizard of Oz" on a flowered carpet with the boy downstairs. We'd spin around in the middle of our field of poppies until, like Dorothy and the Cowardly Lion, we'd fall down in a swoon. These days, however, you don't have to pretend in order for a carpet to make you feel faint. If you suffer headaches, dizziness, or even tremors while indoors, and your symptoms abate in open air, your trouble could be just underfoot.
Although it may look innocent enough just lying there, synthetic carpeting contains volatile organic compounds (VOCs), petrochemicals that rise into the air you breathe. The Environmental Protection Agency has identified 900 of these pollutants commonly wafting indoors. Synthetic carpeting contributes carcinogens such as benzene, formaldehyde, and styrene and neurotoxins such as toluene and xylene to that unhealthy ether. Pregnant women, crawling babies, and romping children are especially vulnerable to fumes.
While "offgassing" drops markedly several months after installation, carpets can issue these fumes for as long as five years in amounts troublesome to the chemically sensitive. Old or new, carpeting also absorbs allergenic dust and mold, as well as VOCs from pesticides and cleaning agents.
Following consumer complaints about environmental sickness, in 1991 the attorneys general of 26 states petitioned the U.S. Consumer Products Safety Commission to require warning labels on carpets, but to no avail. To date, the EPA maintains that there is no evidence that synthetic carpet causes health problems--a curious disclaimer given that in 1988 the agency removed 27,000 square feet of new carpeting from its own headquarters after rampant staff illnesses. (Nineteen of those EPA workers have sued for $40 million.)
The regulatory vacuum has left the $9.5-billion-a-year carpeting industry ample room to manufacture soothing hype about its wares. The Carpet and Rug Institute recently unveiled its "Green Tag" program, a carpet-testing system that allows the industry to issue itself a seal of "environmental responsibility"--a program the attorneys general of New York, Vermont, Connecticut, and Oregon have declared inadequate. …