National Day of Lebanon
THE Republic of Lebanon celebrates its National Day today.
Lebanon became an independent state in September, 1920, after being part of the Turkish Empire. In a 1943 Covenant, all public positions were divided among various religious communities, with Christians forming the majority. In the 1970s, the Muslims with their growing population demanded a larger political and economic role. In 1991, an accord was concluded between Lebanon and Syria that recognized Lebanon as a separate state. Since then, Lebanon has made progress toward rebuilding its political institutions and ending a 16-year civil war. The Lebanese have established a more equitable political system, giving Muslims a greater role in the political process while institutionalizing sectarian divisions in the government. In recent years, the Lebanese have conducted several successful elections.
In 2004, the Philippines and Lebanon began a new phase in their bilateral relations, signing two Memorandums of Understanding in Beirut. The first was a Memorandum of Understanding on Consultations and Memorandum of Understanding on the Establishment of a Consultative Committee for Political, Economic, and Cultural Cooperation. It called on the foreign ministries of the two nations to maintain mutual contacts and consultations through exchange visits as well as through other meetings to be mutually agreed upon, including those to be held on the annual sessions of the United Nations General Assembly. …