JICA Pushes Water Quality Management
A Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) technical cooperation on a Water Quality Management (WQM) policy is expected to be completed by 2011 in an imminent need to implement the Clean Water Act (CWA).
The project which started in 2005 has been training Environmental Management Bureau (EMB) staff of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) which will support WQM Areas (WQMA) that are being established all over the country.
The CWA states the establishment of WQMAs nationwide, which are a multi-sectoral group, tasked to implement, regulate, and monitor implementation of the law.
To encourage implementation of the CWA, incentives guidelines have to be put up by the DENR and the Department of Trade and Industry through a joint administrative order providing for incentives on the development of WQM programs.
Similarly, rewards guidelines have to be put in place including those for providing monetary rewards and non-monetary rewards to individuals, private organizations, and civil societies for undertaking innovative projects, technologies, and techniques in water quality management.
Three pilot WQMAs have been chosen for the implementation of this policy. The pilot areas are Metro Manila, Region III, Region VI (Iloilo), and Region XII (Saranggani).
The technical cooperation project covers two phases and includes six themes for activities under the Phase 2. These are action planning for WQMAs, implementation for WQM, command and control tools, market-based instruments, information dissemination, and ensuring sustainability.
The specific activities include identification of attainment and non-attainment areas, pollution source inventory, water quality modeling, regional cross-visits, preparation of guidelines for cooperation in water quality monitoring, and area cooperation management. …