Leadership in Higher Education: For Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance

By Mobley, Tony A. | JOPERD--The Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, April 1997 | Go to article overview

Leadership in Higher Education: For Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance


Mobley, Tony A., JOPERD--The Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance


A serious dichotomy exists for every person in the fields of health, physical education, recreation, and dance. For several years, there has been unprecedented growth and interest in safe and healthful living, fitness and sport, and leisure lifestyles. At the same time, the amount of financial support has significantly decreased for these programs in schools and in other public agencies of all types. Part of this problem can be attributed to the economy, but perhaps a more important part may be a lack of understanding by the general public regarding the importance, role, and function of various organizations in sustaining the current interest in wellness, sport, and leisure. Strong, effective leadership is a key factor in lessening the dichotomy.

This article briefly discusses the current social environment that cuts across these fields, but it gives particular attention to the environment in higher education for health, physical education, recreation, and dance. Bold leadership will be required to make the necessary changes in the institutional culture related to many of these issues.

While the problems are not new, they seem to be having greater impact upon programs at this time in HPERD. The economy has not produced sufficient state and local tax revenues to support higher education and all public education in relationship to many other competing interests. Every state and local community is faced with the high cost of welfare programs, police and public security, infrastructure deterioration, and other public services. Nonessential services are being reduced or privatized. The entire issue comes down to a determination of what is nonessential. Short-term crises usually take precedence over long-term goals. While this is undoubtedly an oversimplification of the issue, police programs directed at juvenile delinquents get more attention and support than long-term health, fitness, sport, and leisure lifestyle development programs offered through schools and other public agencies. Compared to roads and public welfare problems, state colleges and universities receive less support than ever. Most public institutions of higher education in this country receive approximately one-fourth to one-third of their total budgets from state-appropriated public funds. For several major institutions, the percentage of support is much less. State-supported institutions of higher education are moving rapidly into a category of "state-assisted" institutions. It has become necessary to look to other sources of income such as increased fees, grants and contracts, sponsorships and many forms of philanthropic support.

Almost every administrator is faced with new challenges of keeping pace with new developments, securing adequate budgets, finding qualified personnel, maintaining quality, establishing new priorities, and becoming more accountable. Is it any wonder that in almost any assemblage of administrators in HPERD, pessimism, doom, and gloom run high?

Quite possibly, the best description of the current situation was written by Charles Dickens in A Tale of Two Cities when he wrote, "It was the best of times, it was the worst of times." In spite of all of these challenges and problems, the future of the fields related to health, physical education, recreation, and dance is indeed very bright. The mood of the country has turned toward more human values with a strong concern for people and quality of life. As mentioned earlier, there has never been greater interest in safe and healthful living, leisure lifestyles, fitness, sports, recreational sports, women in sports and athletics, the cultural arts, and many other similar areas. The best gross estimates available indicate that Americans spend more than $340 billion per year in the leisure, sports, and fitness market. To put this amount in perspective, it is more than the nation spends on the housing industry and more than the United States spends on national defense. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Leadership in Higher Education: For Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.