Assessment of Arms, Ammunition, and Explosives Accountability and Control, Security Assistance, and Sustainment for the Afghan National Security Forces
[The following are excerpts from the Executive Summary of the Department of Defense (DoD) Office of Inspector General Report No. SPO-2009-001, Project No. D2008-D000IG-0141.001, October 24, 2008. The entire report is available at: www.dodig.osd.mil/Audit/reports/.]
Who Should Read This Report?
Personnel within the Office of the Secretary of Defense, the Joint Staff, the United States Central Command (CENTCOM) and its subordinate Commands in Afghanistan, the Military Departments, and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization-International Security Assistance Force (NATO-ISAF) who are responsible for property accountability and control, the Foreign Military Sales (FMS) program supporting Afghanistan, and the development of the logistics and medical sustainment bases within the Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF) should read this report.
The DoD Office of Inspector General (DoD IG) performed an assessment of the control and accountability of arms, ammunition, and explosives (we did not include an evaluation of explosives in our assessment) in Iraq in September and October 2007. The results of that assessment and recommendations for corrective actions were published in DoD IG Report No. SPO-2008-001, Assessment of the Accountability of Arms and Ammunition Provided to the Security Forces of Iraq, July 3, 2008.
The IG assembled an assessment team in February 2008 to determine the status of the corrective actions being implemented for the accountability and control of arms, ammunition, and explosives being transferred to the Iraq Security Forces. Before returning to Iraq, the assessment team visited Afghanistan in April 2008 to assess issues involving the accountability and control of arms, ammunition, and explosives; the responsiveness of U.S. FMS processes supporting ANSF; and the development of logistics sustainment capability for ANSF, to include a related issue on building the Afghan military health care system and its sustainment base.
The report's results are separated into four parts:
Arms, Ammunition, and Explosives
The mission of the arms, ammunition, and explosives logistics supply chain is to provide an effective end-to-end system that delivers materiel to the warfighter, while maintaining the security and safety of the materiel and the public. Inherent in this mission is the requirement to implement procedures and mechanisms throughout the supply chain that ensure accountability and control of arms, ammunition, and explosives while enabling mission execution. However, the assessment team found that the Combined Security Transition Command-Afghanistan (CSTC-A) had not issued implementing instructions or procedures governing the accountability, control, and physical security of arms, ammunition, and explosives the U.S. is supplying to ANSE Further, CSTC-A had not clearly defined the missions, roles, and responsibilities of U.S. training teams and senior mentors involved in advising ANSF and the Afghan Ministries of Defense and Interior on the accountability, control, and physical security of U.S.-supplied arms, ammunition, and explosives. Moreover, the CSTC-A had not accurately recorded the serial numbers of weapons that were to be issued to ANSF and did not report these serial numbers to the DoD Small Arms Serialization Program.
While the CSTC-A continued to make progress on weapons accountability, they need to issue command policy guidance and implementing instructions or procedures for the accountability, control, and physical security of arms, ammunition, and explosives. Further, it is critical that the CSTC-A develop a formal mentoring strategy with detailed implementing guidance for mentoring A++NSF and the Afghan Ministries of Defense and Interior on the accountability, control, and physical security of U.S. supplied arms, ammunition, and explosives. In addition, the CSTC-A needs to ensure that serial numbers and associated information in its data systems used to track the weapons are accurate and report the serial number information to the DoD Small Arms Serialization Program. …