The Role of Sense of Coherence and Physical Activity in Positive and Negative Affect of Turkish Adolescents

By Oztekin, Ceyda; Tezer, Esin | Adolescence, Summer 2009 | Go to article overview

The Role of Sense of Coherence and Physical Activity in Positive and Negative Affect of Turkish Adolescents


Oztekin, Ceyda, Tezer, Esin, Adolescence


The increased interest in positive psychology has shifted the focus of research from factors that limit health to those that promote health (Ironson & Powell, 2005). Within positive psychology, affectivity has been considered one of the components of well-being which has been proposed to be measured not only by negative affect but by positive affect (Watson, Clark, & Telegen, 1988). It was considered that these two affect states are not opposite to each other but are distinctive dimensions with high positive affect referring to a state of high energy, full concentration, and pleasurable engagement whereas the low negative affect is a state of calmness and serenity. In the literature, individuals' general disposition of experiencing positive or negative mood states has been found to be consistently associated with a physical and psychological health-related quality of life (Brennan, Singh, Spencer, & Roberts-Thomson, 2006). Examination of the related literature seems to suggest that certain personality dispositions and health-promoting behaviors such as exercise make significant contributions to enhancement of quality of life. In the present study, sense of coherence as a personality variable and total- physical activity as a health-promoting behavior were examined together in terms of their role in positive and negative affect among male and female late adolescents.

The term salutogenesis (origins of health) was first used by Aoron Antonovsky in place of the term pathogenesis (origins of disease) (Almedom, 2005). Arising from a salutogenic approach which emphasizes the factors that support health and well-being, Antonovsky (1979, as cited in Lindstrom & Eriksson, 2005), proposed the concept of sense of coherence to explain why some people stay healthy and others become ill under stress. He argued that the sense of coherence, which is defined as the way individuals view their life and their essence of existence, is the reason for their ability to stay healthy. Antonovsky identified three components of the concept of sense of coherence: comprehensibility, manageability, and meaningfulness. Comprehensibility refers to the perception of the world as being understandable, meaningful, orderly and consistent rather than chaotic, random, and unpredictable. Manageabillity is the recognition that the resources required to meet the demands are available. Meaningfulness is the emotional experience of life as making sense and thus coping being desirable (Lindstrom & Eriksson, 2005). A strong sense of coherence (SOC), which is a measurement of the whole concept rather than measuring the three sub-concepts separately seems to help people make use of their resources, promote effective coping, and resolve tension in a salutary manner (Antonovsky, 1979, as cited in Sullivan, 1993). It was also reported that SOC is stabilized by the end of early adulthood and afterwards, it does not fluctuate significantly (Antonovsky & Sagy, 1986).

For the last decades, many studies have been conducted to examine the possible effects of sense of coherence on several physical- and mental health-related concepts. In review studies, researchers reported that sense of coherence is strongly and negatively associated with fatigue, loneliness, anxiety, anger, burnout, demoralization, hostility, hopelessness, depression, perceived stressors, and post-traumatic stress disorder (Kuuppelomaki & Utriainen, 2003; Eriksson, Lindstrom, & Lija, 2007). More specifically, high SOC was found to be related to adaptive coping strategies and resilience (Zayne, 1997) and effective for coping with severe illnesses, such as gynecological cancer (Boscaglia & Clarke, 2007) and posttraumatic stress (Frommberger et al., 1999). Similarly, it was found that SOC is important in increasing the quality of life of individuals with mental (e.g., schizophrenia) and physical (e.g., coronary heart disease) illnesses which also implies the presence of some adaptive way of coping with the source of stress (Eriksson & LindstrSm, 2007). …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

The Role of Sense of Coherence and Physical Activity in Positive and Negative Affect of Turkish Adolescents
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.