Technology Education Teacher Supply and Demand-A Critical Situation: If the Technology Education Profession Is to Survive, the Time for Action to Ensure That Survival Is Now

By Moye, Johnny J. | The Technology Teacher, October 2009 | Go to article overview

Technology Education Teacher Supply and Demand-A Critical Situation: If the Technology Education Profession Is to Survive, the Time for Action to Ensure That Survival Is Now


Moye, Johnny J., The Technology Teacher


The supply and demand of technology education teachers has been a matter of concern for many years. Weston (1997) reported, "... enrollment in and graduation from technology teacher education programs are on a downward spiral, the demand for teachers is on an upward trend, greatly accelerating the gap between supply and demand" (p. 6). Ndahi and Ritz (2003) stated, "It is clear that there is a shortage of teachers, especially technology education teachers, and the shortages will continue to increase" (p. 28). A study performed in 2009 identified that the supply and demand situation had become even more critical than what Weston (1997) and Ndahi and Ritz (2003) had reported. Over the past two decades, the number of technology education teachers in the United States has decreased dramatically, and state supervisors reported that they expect more programs to close in the near future.

Background

Technology education is an excellent format to integrate science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) studies by employing problem-based learning activities (Moye, 2008; Ritz, 2006; Zinser & Poldink, 2005). However, the benefits of technology education are still generally "misunderstood by the public" (Sanders, 2000, p. 16). The effects of technology education on increased student mathematics abilities have been identified in several studies (Dyer, Reed, & Berry, 2006; Frazier, 2009; Setter, 2006; Scarborough & White, 1994). It is evident that technology education is beneficial in raising student technological literacy and core academic success. However the supply of technology education teachers produced in the United States has not met the increased demand (Gray & Daugherty, 2004; Ndahi & Ritz, 2003; Weston, 1997; Wright & Devier, 1989).

The American Association for Employment in Education (AAEE) conducts annual research concerning educator supply and demand in the United States. The organization surveys school districts and colleges to determine current supply and demand of educators in 64 educational fields, including technology education. Over a five-year period (2003-2007), out of 55 available reports, three of the 11 regions reported that they had experienced considerable shortages, 32 reported that they experienced some shortages, and 12 of the regions reported as having a balanced supply and demand of technology education teachers (AAEE, 2004; 2005; 2006; 2007; 2008).

Annually the United States Department of Education (USDOE) publishes a list of teacher shortage areas for each state. In the most recent analysis (March, 2008), USDOE reported that only 24 states indicated a shortage of technology education teachers; 22 did not indicate a shortage (USDOE, 2008). These data could indicate one of two points. The major shortfall of technology education teachers reported in Weston (1997) and Ndahi and Ritz (2003) have been resolved, or some states did not provide accurate data to the USDOE indicating the critical need for technology education teachers.

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

Findings--Technology Teacher Supply

The document review of Industrial Teacher Educator Directories found that in 2004-2005, there were 34 institutions that produced 338 technology education teachers (Schmidt & Custer, 2005). In 2005-2006, 32 institutions produced 315 technology education teachers (Schmidt & Custer, 2006). Twenty-nine institutions produced 311 technology education teachers in 2006-2007 (Schmidt & Custer, 2007). Finally, in 2007-2008, 27 institutions produced 258 technology teachers (Waugh, 2008).

Data obtained from ITE Directories identified a downward trend of institutions that produced technology education teachers as well as the number of teachers produced during the years of 2004 to 2008. This trend follows a similar downward pattern identified by Ritz (1999) and Ndahi and Ritz (2003). In 1995-1996, institutions produced 815 technology education teachers (Ritz, 1999). …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Technology Education Teacher Supply and Demand-A Critical Situation: If the Technology Education Profession Is to Survive, the Time for Action to Ensure That Survival Is Now
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.