Rejoinder to Tomislav V. Kovandzic's Comment on Our Article 'The Effectiveness of Gun Control Laws: Multivariate Statistical Analysis.' (Response to T.V. Kovandzic in This Issue, P. 363)

By Kwon, Ik-Whan; Scott, Bradley et al. | The American Journal of Economics and Sociology, July 1998 | Go to article overview

Rejoinder to Tomislav V. Kovandzic's Comment on Our Article 'The Effectiveness of Gun Control Laws: Multivariate Statistical Analysis.' (Response to T.V. Kovandzic in This Issue, P. 363)


Kwon, Ik-Whan, Scott, Bradley, Safranski, Scott R., BAe, Muen, The American Journal of Economics and Sociology


We reviewed Tomislav v. Kovandzic's comment article on our article (Kwon et al., 1997) with great interest and at the same time with a great deal of disappointment. We did not benefit from his comments. Kovandzic appears to have missed the main point of our study. The major finding of our study was that "The gun control laws have a very mild effect [italics added] on the number of gun related deaths while socioeconomic variables such as a state's poverty level, unemployment rate, and alcohol consumption, have significant impact on firearm related deaths" (Kwon et al. 1997, p. 41). We further emphasized the importance of socioeconomic factors in our study: "Unless this country directs its efforts toward the socioeconomic ills which appear to bear the strongest relationship to violent deaths by firearms, the fatalities likely will remain high whether this country has gun control laws or not [italics added]" (p. 48-49). Once he missed the major point of our paper, it was relatively easy for Kovandzic to pick out other areas that in our view are inconsequential or unrelated to the main issue.

However, Kovandzic raised an important issue. He maintains that indexing states into two dichotomized groups (states with no restriction on gun purchase and states with some type of regulations) created a serious measurement bias. We not only concur with his concern but also clearly addressed the concern in our study, as we wrote, "The main reason for a difference in findings between this study and the earlier study rest with the characteristics of the laws themselves (between this country and Canada). The Canadian law is a federal regulation governing the use of firearms whereas the laws and regulations used in this study are state laws which vary widely between. Accordingly, the results from this study may not be as clear and strong as the results found by the Mauser and Holmes' study" (Kwon et al. 1997, p. 47). Apparently, Kovandzic missed this statement completely.

Researchers in this field agree that there is a wide variety of research methods involving gun control issues and, therefore, the findings do vary. The study by Kleck and Patterson (1993) that Kovandzic repeatedly cited as his major (and only) source of comments suffers from shortcomings as does any study, including ours. The Kleck-Patterson study used 170 U.S. cities with a 1980 population of at least 100,000. The cities were coded for the presence of nineteen major categories of firearm restrictions. The results indicate that, in general, gun control restrictions have no net effect on the violence rate. However, the same study also mentioned a few exceptions, "of 108 assessments of effects of different gun laws [italics added] on different types of violence, 7 indicated good support (of relationship), and another 11 partial support, for the hypothesis of gun control efficacy" (Kleck and Patterson 1993, p. 249). Is Kovandzic prepared to say that 170 cities have identical gun control regulations?

Even if we accept his hypothetical argument that the 170 cities have a uniform code of regulations, the KP clearly indicates the merit of gun control efficacy in certain areas. For example, the KP study admitted that "... of 108 assessments of effects of different gun laws on different types of violence, 7 indicated good support (of the efficacy of gun control laws), and another 11 partial support for the hypothesis of gun control efficacy" (p. 249). The proceeding statement appears to be in line with our findings.

Kovandzic's blanket statement that there is no relationship between gun control regulation and fatalities not only contradicts the findings of the Kleck-Patterson study but more importantly misleads his readers. The Kleck-Patterson study focuses on city-level data, while our study emphasizes state level data. The results could be different because of the sample design. It is also interesting to point out that a similar study by Kleck and Gertz (1995) that found gun ownership saved lives by preventive use was challenged by Morganstein (1997) who stated that "the [survey] respondent's perceptions of death averted by the defense use of guns may be severely exaggerated [due to flaw of research method]" (p. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Sign up now for a free, 1-day trial and receive full access to:

  • Questia's entire collection
  • Automatic bibliography creation
  • More helpful research tools like notes, citations, and highlights
  • A full archive of books and articles related to this one
  • Ad-free environment

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Rejoinder to Tomislav V. Kovandzic's Comment on Our Article 'The Effectiveness of Gun Control Laws: Multivariate Statistical Analysis.' (Response to T.V. Kovandzic in This Issue, P. 363)
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

    Already a member? Log in now.