Industrial Relations in Co-Operative Printing Presses in Tamil Nadu

By Nehru, S. | Indian Journal of Industrial Relations, October 2009 | Go to article overview

Industrial Relations in Co-Operative Printing Presses in Tamil Nadu


Nehru, S., Indian Journal of Industrial Relations


The Study

Industrial Relations is a human relation that exists in the production system which has a definite impact on efficiency and productivity and comprises the sum total of relations in the organizations. In a narrow sense, industrial relations refers to the union-management relations or the so-called collective relations between the employer and the employees. In a broader sense the concept of industrial relations also includes the institutional agent, i.e., the government. Thus, it involves the complex web of relationship between the employer, employees and the government.

Industrial relations is dynamic and is the product of the entire socio-economic-political environment that prevails in a country at a particular point of time. Good industrial relations has the potential to promote restructuring of organizations and processes for improving productivity and competi-tiveness. Industrial relations is not merely a matter between the employer and employees but a vital concern of the community for the protection of its larger interests. It is basically a strategic acti-vity concerned with arriving at the rules of the game, to be observed and enforced by all the players in the organizations. Establishment and maintenance of harmonious relations between labour and management is a pre-requisite for the stability and progress of the industry.

After India's independence, a number of co-operative societies were formed both in the credit and non-credit sectors to serve the weaker sections of the community. The increase in the number of co-operative societies resulted in a corresponding increase in the demand for books of accounts, forms, co-operative journals, literature and the like. Co-operative printing presses were started to cater to the printing needs of all the co-operative societies in Tamil Nadu. The performance of the co-operative printing presses depends on the cordial relationship between labour and the management. Since the co-operative printing presses are the service providers to all the co-operative societies in Tamil Nadu, the attempt here has been to analyse the industrial relations in cooperative printing presses in the state.

The co-operative printing presses are an important segment of the co-operative movement in Tamil Nadu. There were 25 co-operative printing presses with 1511 workers. Tamil Nadu is very popular for printing works in India. There is keen competition to the co-operative printing presses from the private printers. Success of cooperative printing presses depends on good organizational climate and cordial relationship between labour and the management. This study throws light on the relations that exist between labour and the management.

Objectives

The objectives of the study are:

i) To analyse the opinion of the workers relating to various factors that affect the industrial relations in the co-operative printing presses in Tamil Nadu.

ii) To explore the inter-relationship among various dimensions of industrial relations.

iii) To provide insights in to strategic management to promote industrial relations in co-operative printing presses in Tamil Nadu.

Methodology

The primary data required for the study were collected from 250 workers of the co-operative printing presses by conducting a sample survey with the help of a structured interview schedule. For the purpose of the survey a multistage stratified proportionate random sampling technique was adopted. In the first stage, out of the 25 co-operative printing presses in Tamil Nadu, 19 presses functioning with permanent workers alone were selected. In the second stage, these 19 presses were stratified into three groups on the basis of the number of permanent workers. From each strata, 50 per cent of the workers were selected by random sampling technique and was rounded off to ten presses. The total population of workers of sample presses numbered 747. …

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