A Comparative Study on Value Ranking of the Turkish Teaching Department Students in Two Universities
Akengin, Hamza, Tuncel, Gul, Sirin, Ahmet, Sargin, Sevil, College Student Journal
Value is a subjective concept that answers the private reasons of making choices of individuals between the various alternatives in their lives. In this study, determining of two universities's female and male students's value understandings is aimed. This study is limited by 294 students who received education on 'Turkish Teaching" at University of Marmara in Istanbul and University of East Mediterranean in Northern Cyprus.
Descriptive model is preferred as method in this research. Rokeach Values Survey was used to collect the data in the study. The Rokeach values Survey is a 36 item questionnaire that was designed to measure specific belief systems or value orientations which relate to 18 end states of existence (terminal values) followed by 18 modes of conduct (instrumental values).
Terminal values are family security, a world at peace, wisdom, salvation, a sense of accomplishment, inner harmony, social recognition, freedom, a world of beauty, true friendship, pleasure, self respect, national security, health, equality, mature love, a comfortable life, an exciting life. Instrumental values are ambitious, independent, intellectual, courageous, forgiving, honest, loving, broad-minded, self-controlled, obedient, logical, polite, responsible, capable, clean, helpful loyal and imaginative. In addition, semi-standardized interview form was applied to students.
The data of research was compared as values analysis between Marmara University and Eastern Mediterranean University. The results according to the data of this research are both of university's students accept "family security", "a word of peace" and "wisdom" as important guiding principles in their life. Students who received education at Marmara University give importance "salvation" than students who received education at East Mediterranean University. Students who received education at Marmara University give importance "social recognition" than students who received education at East Mediterranean University. Students who received education at East Mediterranean University give importance "equality" than students who received education at Marmara University. Students who received education at Marmara University give importance "nationality security" than students who received education at East Mediterranean University. When they were compared as instrumental values, both of university students were shown different attitudes at all the items.
This study may provide us with information about the value ranking and systems of students receiving teaching education at the Eastern Mediterranean and Marmara Universities. We can acquire an opinion about the values of the prospective teachers in general from the results of this study. The results obtained from this study have high importance, which should be taken into consideration by educationalists and administrators. Similar studies based on different samples are recommended in terms of understanding the value systems of the prospective teachers and university students.
One characteristic of population is that it rapidly grows and moves. This movement is generally a movement from villages to cities, and sometimes from small towns to cities. The socio-economic and cultural characteristics of this urbanizing population change, and the fact that communication becomes easier with the rapid technological developments prepares the ground for this change to acquire a global dimension. Even though its dimension may be different, global values become combined with the local values and it affects the cultural characteristics of each society. Eventually, new dimensions are added to the family structures, sense of justice, professional ethics, sense of religion, and daily lives of people. All these also lead to a change in points of view against social, political and cultural incidents, as well as in value judgments. A value judgment that is indispensable for a society may be ordinary for another. …