Leading by Example, Revisited: Can the EU Still Serve as a Model to Lead Global Climate Policy?

By Geden, Oliver | Harvard International Review, Spring 2010 | Go to article overview

Leading by Example, Revisited: Can the EU Still Serve as a Model to Lead Global Climate Policy?


Geden, Oliver, Harvard International Review


The Copenhagen summit has been disastrous for the European Union, the most ambitious player and self-proclaimed leader in international climate policy. Not only did the outcome fall far short of Europe's high expectations, but the European Union also failed to play any major role in determining the course of negotiations. During the final stages of the summit, the United States and China almost completely sidelined the Europeans. Nevertheless, Europe's commitment remains crucial for the establishment of an efficient global climate regime. To play a more constructive role in the near future, the European Union will have to revisit its strategy of "leadership by example."

In early 2007, the European Union unilaterally committed itself to a 20 percent reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2020 (compared with the base year 1990), combined with an offer to step up emission cuts to 30 percent if other major emitters were also willing to make ambitious pledges. In Copenhagen, however, neither the United States nor China was interested in the European Union's increasing emissions reductions; they simply wanted to be left alone.

Two things about the "leadership by example" approach became clear at the Copenhagen summit. First, it is not a strategy for success in the short run. Second, it is not an approach that will work within a UN framework. Contrary to what the idealistic Europeans have assumed, negotiations at the UN level are never only about individual policy issues; they are always about global power politics. In this particular case, they are not only about the relationship between industrialized and developing countries but also more importantly about the shifting balance between established and emerging powers. To achieve significant progress in UN climate negotiations, you have to be able to put other proposals unrelated to climate on the table. But this is a difficult task for the European Union, where the 27 member states still play a strong role in foreign policy and where a great deal of internal coordination is needed to speak with one voice on the international level.

Since Copenhagen, the European Union has been gripped by debates over how to enhance its diplomatic capabilities in order to forge a new international climate treaty within the next two years. But instead of regarding such an agreement as an end in itself, Europeans should ask themselves if a legally binding treaty under the auspices of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is really the ultimate goal. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this article

This article has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this article

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited article

Leading by Example, Revisited: Can the EU Still Serve as a Model to Lead Global Climate Policy?
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Author Advanced search

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.