The Formation of a Hispanic Enclave in Nashville, Tennessee

By Chaney, James | Southeastern Geographer, Spring 2010 | Go to article overview

The Formation of a Hispanic Enclave in Nashville, Tennessee


Chaney, James, Southeastern Geographer


In the past two decades, Nashville, Tennessee has emerged as a new destination for Hispanic immigrants moving into the American South. Many of these newcomers have chosen to reside in the southeast section of the city in neighborhoods adjacent to two main thoroughfares--Nolensville and Murfreesboro Pikes. Residential clustering has fostered the development of various Hispanicoriented businesses and services throughout southeast Nashville. In this article, I assert that the concentration of Hispanic residents and businesses in southeast Nashville has formed an ethnic enclave. Based on findings collected through an intensive qualitative approach, I argue that the creation of this enclave, complete with Hispanic businesses, organizations, and churches, interferes with the integration of Hispanics into the local community. The results of this study indicate that many Hispanics immigrants (both authorized and unauthorized) choose to operate almost entirely within this enclave which in turn reduces their involvement with members of the host society and slows down the acquisition of the English language. In many cases, this choice is based on language and perceived differences in culture between Hispanics and Anglos; however, interviews and conversations with younger Hispanic immigrants reveal that discriminatory public policies may lead Hispanic immigrants to adopt a strategy of self-segregation as a means of avoiding police harassment.

Durante las pasadas dos decadas, Nashville, Tennessee ha surgido como un nuevo destino para inmigrantes hispanos mudandose hacia el Sur Americano. Muchos de estos recienllegados han escogido residir y localizarse en la seccion sureste de la ciudad, en vecindarios adyacentes a dos vias principales--Nolensville y Murfreesboro Pikes. El agrupamiento residencial ha fomentado el desarrollo de diversas empresas y servicios orientados a los hispanos de todo el sureste de Nashville. En este articulo, afirmo que la concentracion de residentes y comercios hispanos en el sureste de Nashville ha creado un enclave etnico. Basado en los resultados recogidos a traves de un enfoque de investigacion cualitativo intensivo, argumento que la creacion de este enclave, compuesto por comercios, organizaciones e iglesias hispanas, interfiere con la integracion de los hispanos a la comunidad local. Los resultados de este estudio indican que muchos de los inmigrantes hispanos (autorizados y no autorizados) optan por operar casi en su totalidad dentro de este enclave, lo que a su vez reduce su interaccion con los miembros de la sociedad anfitriona y entorpece el proceso de aprendizaje del idioma Ingles. En muchos casos, esta eleccion esta basada en lenguaje y diferencias culturales percibidas entre los hispanos y los anglosajones, sin embargo, las entrevistas y conversaciones con los inmigrantes hispanos mas jovenes revelan que las politicas publicas discriminatorias pueden llevar a los inmigrantes hispanos a la adopcion de estrategias de auto-segregacion como metodos para evitar el acoso de la policia.

KEY WORDS: Hispanic Immigration, Enclaves, Integration, the American South

INTRODUCTION

In the past two decades, the United States has observed a significant increase in the Hispanic population (1) within its borders through immigration. Traditionally, Hispanic immigration has been concentrated in border states (2) as well as in a few major metropolitan areas such as New York and Chicago. Recently, however, Hispanic immigration has exploded in regions where Hispanic settlements and communities previously have not existed (Massey 2008). In no other region has this demographic shift been more salient than in the American South, where growth in Hispanic immigration has outpaced that of anywhere else in the country (HernadezLeon and Zuniga 2005; Kochhar et al. 2005). The growing economies in southern states, which have generated a demand for low-skill labor in both the service and agriculture sector, coupled with a lack of economic opportunities in Mexico and Central America, and increasing hostilities in traditional gateway communities, have been the driving force behind this phenomenon (Murphy et al. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited article

The Formation of a Hispanic Enclave in Nashville, Tennessee
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this article
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.