... the Romanovs Had Been Exiled

By Sandbrook, Dominic | New Statesman (1996), July 26, 2010 | Go to article overview

... the Romanovs Had Been Exiled


Sandbrook, Dominic, New Statesman (1996)


The message could hardly have been more explicit. "Events last week have deeply distressed me," George V wrote to his cousin Nicky in March 1917. "My thoughts are constantly with you and I shall always remain your true and devoted friend, as you know I have been in the past." But it was never delivered. Only days earlier, Nicholas II, emperor of all the Russias, had abdicated his throne and, amid the surge of revolutionary sentiment, the new provisional government's foreign minister, Pavel Milyukov, warned that he could never receive it.

But as demand for the Romanovs' execution swelled, Milyukov began to wonder whether they wouldn't be better off if they were outside Russia. On 21 March, he asked the British ambassador if they could be offered asylum. It was one of the most fateful requests in our history.

Frigate to the rescue

Although the Romanovs' arrival in Britain seems inevitable now, it might never have come to pass. Even as Nicholas--by this time under house arrest at his palace in Petrograd--was making packing lists for the journey west, and even as his wife, Alix, was remembering her holidays with Queen Victoria, Cousin George was getting cold feet.

[ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]

By early April, his private secretary recorded that the king was receiving "letters from people in all classes of life ... saying how much the matter is being discussed, not only in clubs but by working men, and that Labour members of the House of Commons [were] expressing adverse opinions of the proposal".

Was George going to withdraw his invitation? It looked like it. But then, while he was going through his stamp albums one morning, a photo fell out. It showed the two cousins George and Nicky, side by side at the wedding of the kaiser's daughter in 1913. Tears sprang to George's eyes; all his doubts fell away.

Getting the Romanovs out of Russia was one of history's great secret operations, later immortalised in Roger Moore's film Russian Getaway. The task fell to military intelligence, known then as MI1. In May 1918, five British agents stormed the house in Ekaterinburg where the Bolsheviks were holding the royal family. Two agents were killed, but the others managed to get the Romanovs into the waiting getaway cars. …

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