War Scars


MANILA, Philippines - Ernest Hemingway. George Orwell. Antoine de Saint-Exupery.Ask anybody what these names have in common, and the answer one will probably get from the layman is that they line the shelves with the heading "Literary Classics" in bookstores all over the world.But these three famous writers - along with several more - share more than just the fame and fortune that their love of the written word has afforded them. Hemmingway, Orwell, and Saint-Exupery all served as war correspondents for their respective papers during the Spanish Civil War, a violent conflict fought from 1936 to 1939 between General Francisco Franco's Nationalists and the Republican supporters of Spanish President Manuel Azana.The wartime work of these writers is the focus of the latest exhibit mounted by the Instituto Cervantes, the Spanish agency tasked with promoting the study and teaching of Spanish language and culture.Titled "Corresponsales en la Guerra de Espana (Correspondents in the Spanish Civil War)", the exhibit brings together a collection of wartime newspapers and photographs that document the lives of journalists in Spain during the Spanish Civil War.The first media warAccording to exhibit curator Carlos Garcia, the "Corresponsales" exhibit underscores the importance that the Spanish Civil War played not just in shaping European and world history, but the lives of the journalists who were covering it as well.The Spanish Civil War has been dubbed as the first "media" war, as most journalists covering it wanted their work to support the cause that they believed in. Hemmingway was a Republican supporter, and George Orwell even participated directly in the fighting.The idea to mount an exhibit specifically focused on this aspect of the war was first conceived in 2003 and took a couple of years to prepare."It was first conceived at Instituto Cervantes New York to mark the 70th anniversary of the beginning of the Spanish Civil War," Garcia explains. …

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