British Columbia's Longevity Advantage: A Comparison of Deaths across Canadian Provinces and territories/L'avantage De la Colombie Britannique En Termes De Longevite : Une Comparaison Entre Les Provinces et Territoires Canadiens

By Maynard, Donna; Kerr, Don | Canadian Journal of Regional Science, Fall 2009 | Go to article overview

British Columbia's Longevity Advantage: A Comparison of Deaths across Canadian Provinces and territories/L'avantage De la Colombie Britannique En Termes De Longevite : Une Comparaison Entre Les Provinces et Territoires Canadiens


Maynard, Donna, Kerr, Don, Canadian Journal of Regional Science


Abstract

On average, the residents of British Columbia have a longer life expectancy than any other province in Canada. While throughout most of the 20th century the reported range in life expectancies across provinces narrowed, over the last decade and a half, this reported range has actually widened--with British Columbia leading the country in this regard. We estimate the extent to which deaths could be reduced across provinces in Canada if BC rates were to prevail across all provinces and territories. As an extreme, the total number of deaths in Newfoundland and Labrador is reduced by over 1 in 4 male deaths and 1 in 5 female deaths if this province had the same age/specific rates as observed in BC. Relative to other provinces, BC deaths are less numerous among older and middle-aged men, and to a lesser extent, older women. In comparing BC with the rest of Canada, cardiovascular disease and cancer were less likely to occur, with the bulk of excess deaths outside of this province linked to these causes. The prevalence of associated major risk factors for these types of deaths were also lowest in BC across provinces--including smoking, hypertension, and obesity. In the broader North American context, BC appears as almost an outlier in terms of the very low incidence of obesity in its population.

Resume

En moyen, les residents de la Colombie britannique une longevite plus eleve que toute autre province canadienne. Au cours de la plupart du 20ieme siecle la variation en termes de longevite entre les provinces a connu une reduction; Toutefois, au cours des dernieres 15 annees, cette variation a connu une augmentation--avec la Colombie britannique etant la province avec les meilleurs resultats. Nous avons estime dans quelle mesure les deces a travers les provinces du Canada pouvaient etre reduits si les taux qui prevalent en Colombie britannique etaient la norme pour toutes les provinces et tous les territoires. Dans le cas extreme, le nombre total de deces a Terre-Neuve et Labrador est reduit par plus 1 pour 4 deces masculins et 1 pour 5 deces feminins si cette province avait les memes taux par tranche d'age tels qu'observes en Colombie britannique. En comparaison avec d'autres provinces, les deces en Colombie britannique sont moins nombreux parmi les hommes ages et d'age moyen et pareillement, mais a un moindre degre, pour les femmes plus agees. En comparant la Colombie britannique avec le reste du Canada, les maladies cardiovasculaires et le cancer apparaissent moins probables, avec la plupart des deces excedentaires en dehors de la Colombie britannique etant relie a ces causes. La prevalence des facteurs a risque majeurs associes avec ces maladies est egalement moins elevee en Colombie britannique en comparaison avec les autres provinces--y compris la proportion de la population qui fume, l'hypertension et l'obesite. Dans le contexte nord-americain, la Colombie britannique apparait presque comme une exception en termes de l'incidence tres bas de l'obesite parmi sa population.

Introduction

Life expectancy at birth in Canada for both sexes combined recently surpassed the 80 year mark. This was the first country in the Americas to do so--up to 80.8 years by 2006. This basic statistic suggests substantial improvements in public health, medicine, socioeconomic conditions and nutrition--in reducing the risk of early death. Yet this is not to neglect the fact that inequities continue to characterize Canadian regions in terms of population health and mortality.

While throughout most of the 20th century the reported range in life expectancy across provinces narrowed, over the last decade and a half there has been a reversal of this trend. In examining statistics on life expectancy (at birth) across Canadian provinces, the reported range narrowed from about 7 years in the early 1930s to only 1.5 years by 1992 (Beaujot and McQuillan 1982; McVey and Kalbach 1995). Yet over the last decade and a half, there has been a reversal in this trend, with this range back up to 3. …

The rest of this article is only available to active members of Questia

Already a member? Log in now.

Notes for this article

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this article

Cited article

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited article

British Columbia's Longevity Advantage: A Comparison of Deaths across Canadian Provinces and territories/L'avantage De la Colombie Britannique En Termes De Longevite : Une Comparaison Entre Les Provinces et Territoires Canadiens
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this article

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this article
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.